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Full text of "Stokes seed services : heredity vigilance 1929"

Historic, archived document 

Do not assume content reflects current 
scientific knowledge, policies, or practices 




For the reproduction of this wood-cut, we are indebted to Mr. J. .1. Lanki v 



THE HARVEST 

Our devotion to our job is planted deep in its creative possibilities. Always we are working for 
next year's harvest, or the year after. There is, of course, beauty in our Vanguard or Marglobe 
fields. There is a satisfaction in work well done, — in exacting detail accomplished. We even 
admit to a feeling of assurance when our warehouse is filled with the harvest. But the real 
joy of our job is in the knowledge that here under our roof-tree we hold something of life. 
Here for the asking, you may have "fields green as a prophet's banner," — brought to you 
from under Italian skies. Here in a dusty cotton bag is a latent force that will fill 
you a train load of tomatoes from the Rio Grande, or will ballast a coaster from 
the Islands. There is great inherent strength even in a pile of tomato seed. — f. c. s. 



Heredity . . . Vigilance 



ALMOST any carefully layed program will succeed if it is adhered to with unremitting energy. For a number 
of years we have persistently developed a policy of variety simplification, under the conviction that in the 
end such a policy would commend itself to the commercial vegetable grower, — by reason of its economies and 
of its greatly increased control. That this confidence was justified is now evident by the fact that our volume of 
business is at present far ahead of that of any preceding year, — all of which we take to be the direct result of being 
able to place a definitely superior product in the hands of our customers, at a 
figure comparable to, and in some cases lower than, the prices asked by the 
general competition. 

This combination is proving to be justly popular with the buyer and has 
more than justified the faith we have had in the ultimate value of simplified 
practice. The production of Stokes Seeds is in the hands of twenty-five men, 
all of whom appreciate fine things, and all of whom, by character, training 
and tradition, are fitted to carry their responsibility. This year, as a new 
development in our organization, we have established a Winter Proving Ground 
in the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas as a final check against error. This is 
another of the progressive steps by which our firm has led the way. Stokes 
Seeds are now a definite factor in the vegetable industry of the United States. 
This catalog is their spokesman. 



Francis C. Stokes & Co 




WASHINGTON SQUARE 



PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA 



Texas Branch 
WESLACO 



Florida Branch 
SANFORD 



Canadian Branch 
ST. CATHARINES, ONT. 



Printed In U. 8. A. 



"We are in this business because 
we believe in it." 



« 1 } 



DATA FROM OUR SEED LABORATORY 



This is a replica of the 
dated seal which will be 
used this year on our seed 
packages. This firm has 
been giving germination 
tests on its seed packages 
for a number of years past. 
It is our feeling that this is 
information which a custo- 
mer is rightly entitled to. 
The figures shown are 
taken from the latest tests 
made in our Seed Labora- 
tory and these tests are 
constantly rechecked at 
our branch offices. If, by 
any chance, you receive a package of seed with the seal broken, we 
ask that this be returned at our expense for in such cases there may 
have been tampering with the package. 



THIS seed was tested in our 
laborator>- before being 
packed. At that time it 
showed a germination of 

98% 

If kept in a cool, dry place it 
will maintain its vitality dur- 
ing all of 1929. This seal is 
for our mutual protection. 

FRANCI5CSTOKE5&CO. 



OUR PLANT BREEDING DEPARTMENT 

It is our feeling that no seed growing or 
merchandising organization is complete 
without doing some of its own research 
and plant breeding. Thi^ department 
of our Company has been in charge of 
Mr. M. Mokta. F. R.G.S. A number of 
different programs have been organized. 
Among the most promising at the present 
time is a new strain of Marglobe Tomato 
which we hope to have on the market by 
June 1929. We are now about to harvest 
the third generation of a special selection for far greater solidity, — a 
factor which should greatly add to the shipping quality of this already 
splendid tomato. 




PERSONAL NOTICES 



There is no charge for deliver>- of Stokes S>eed to any post office or 
Express office in the United States or Canada. The price quoted in 
this book is the price delivered to your door. You are not required to 
figure up the probable postage charge for there is none. The only 
exception of goods on which we do not pay transportation are our Mary 
Washington Asparagus roots. These are sold f.o.b. our New Jersey 
growing station. 

You take no risk in making us your remittance by Postal money 
order, Express money order or bank draft. We will appreciate receiv- 
ing cash with order for the C.O.D. is expensive and it is necessary to 
assess the collection charge to the amount of the bill. We guarantee 
the safe delivery of our gwxls to you and in instances where there is any 
error or cause for complaint, a post card advising us of the difficulty 
will remedy it promptly. 

Stokes Seeds are not sold under the usual non-warranty clause and 
have not been for a great many years. We have found that our custo- 
mers play fair with us if we play fair with them. We have been in this 
business nearly fifty years and have found that it pays invariably to 
try to do the right thing under all circumstances. 

OUR NEW WINTER PROVING GROUND 

This very inadequate photograph of our new Winter Proving Ground 
was taken on November 1, 1928. This service opens an entirely new 
field in seed merchandising and one that will prove of benefit to our 
customers. The purpose of this Winter Pro\ ing Ground is to make a 
bag-by-bag test of our ent^fe seed supply, thus practically eliminating 
the la.st chance for mechanical error in wrong labeling, etc. In the vast 
majority of cases, we will have this final bag test before the seed is 
actually sold. This new work is being carried on near Weslaco, Texas, 
within eight miles of the Rio Grande River and is in charge of our 
Te.xas Manager, Mr. Reed S. Lehman. 




STOKES SEED SERVICES ARE COUNTRY-WIDE IN THEIR SCOPE 



FLORIDA 



TEXAS 




Our Branch Offices are in Able Hands 

Our Florida, Texas and Canadian branches 
have been organized to more completely serve 
our customers in the wider territory. The 
reception accorded our effort is deeply appreci- 
ated at our home office. These branches are 
ably manned by trained, loyal, active men 
who understand your problems. We are 
supporting them with full supplies of our very 
best seed stocks. 




Send Your Orders to the 
Office Nearest You 

Everyone wants promptness in delivery and 
nothing suits us better than to see that our 
seeds are in your hands as soon as possible, — 
within 24 hours in many cases. Our branch 
stores have facilitated this feature. Canadian 
customers will, of course, send their orders to 
our St. Catharines, Ontario branch in order 
to save the expense and delay of customs. 



r3j 



STOKES SEEDS 



MARY WASHINGTON 

The most profitable asparagus, — very large, productive and rust-resistant 

This firm has shared a large pari of the Mary Washington Asparagus business. Nine years ago we offered the original Washington 
stock, the first of the Department of Agriculture rust-resistant varieties. When the superiority of the Mary strain, named" in honor of 
George Washington's mother, was established we were among the first to offer it. Since that time we have done an increasing volume 
of business with large Asparagus growers, and in line with our policy of carr>'ing only the best we have discarded all other varieties including 
the Washington and Martha strains. We see no object in recommending anything but the best, for there are enough handicaps in the 
vegetable business. Mary Washington is earlier, larger and longer than either the Washington or the Martha strains and for all com- 
mercial purposes is equally rust-resislant. In vii w of the prevalence of rust, it is utter folly for a grower to plant additional acreage with 
the old varieties such as Palmetto. Giant .ArRenleuil, etc., which are susceptible to rust. Wc can now definitely state that green Asparagus 
IS bringing a higher price on the general markets than while. The fact that Mary Washington produces a very large, light tip and will 
not prematurely sprangle out is greatly in its favor in the production of green Asparagus. A loose-budded stalk does not keep well and 
will not retain its flavor. 

No. 1.— MARY WASHINGTON SEEDarescreened) 

Our entire seed supply of Marv Washington now comes from fields one generation removed from the parent stock. This is reselected, 
rt-screened seed so that it is all graded as to size and assures uniform seedlings. This seed ;s all from the 1928 crop of which the germination 
IS particularly strong — over 97^^^. Some growers are situated as to soil and climate so that they can produce their own roots. It should 
be kepi in mind, however, that a poorly grown root has very little value, and unless you are in a position to make a thoroughly good job 
of it. It is better to buy our giant size roots as offered herewith. Price, delivered: oz., 20c; •■i lb., 75c; lb., $1.30; lb., 12.50; 5 lbs., 
(a S2.40 per lb.; 10 lbs., $2.25 per lb.; 
50 lbs., ^ $2.00 per lb. 







\ ^1 


1 






i 



















No. 2.— Giant Mary 
Washington Roots 

This IS the sixth y.ar tluit we have oflf. rcd 
Mary Wa^hlnglon Asparagus roots. During 
this pcniKl our firm has dislinguished ils.if by 
thi- quality and quantity of roots sold. .Among 
large As|iaragus growers we are considered one 
of the most reliable sources of supply in this 
country. Being one of our chief specialties, we 
have given Asparagus close attention. 

Because of the importance of Mary Wash- 
ington to our firm, we have made a thorough 
study of the industry with the ronelusion that 
it IS a complete loss of time and invislmenl to 
plant anything but the guint m/j rorils grown 
from pedigreed seed. Our iilu?lr;ilu)n on the 
opposite page visualizes this important point. 
We leave it to you to judge which of the two 
loots you would prefer to plant in your new b.-d. 
The stunted, undcrgrown root on the right will, 
it is true, produce some Asparagus bul what 
chance has this kind of root compared to the 
finely developed ciown on the left which is a 
fair sample of what we are offering. Our roots 
this year have been grown in Burlington 
County. New Jersey under ideal conditions of 
cultivation. The soil has been enriched by 
several seasons of alfalfa growth which has 
supplied a complete humus. In addition to 
this, the field has been highly fertilized and. 
perhaps what is rrjost important, each individual 
root has been allowed space enough for iLs full 
and natural development. Many growers of 
Asparagus roots try to raise too many to the 
acre and thus eliminate all chance of producing 
a full-size root. The production of a giant root 
costs a great deal more than its weak sister. 
The nrkre we ask. however, is not out of pro- 
portion to its increased value. Our roots are 
sold f.o.b. New jersey shipping point and are 
sent by Express unless otherwise noted. Price, 
50 roots, $2.00; 100 roots. $3.00; $12.00 per 
500; $20.00 per 1.000; 5,000 roots, ^ $lK.e» 
per M; 25,000 roots @ $16.00 per M. 




This photograph clearly shows the high branching habil 
of Mary Washington — the factor that makes it 
such a valuable variety for green cultivation 



14} 



ASPARAGUS ( 



asparagus ] 
officinalis) 



Origin" — A native of Europe, having grown in its wild state in Great Britain, Russia and 
Poland. The Britons, Gauls and Germans used it merely as a medicine. Gerard states that it 
lakes its name aUer the Latin, in that il signifies the first spring or sprout. The Romans intro- 
duced it as an edible food. Cato the Elder, 200 B.C., treated the subject with great care. 
Pliny distinguished a fine difference in the character of Asparagus grown near Ravenna and 
certain other outlying ix)ints from Rome. Its cultivation and use as a vegetable was made 
known to the people of the North by the invading Roman armies. It is six)ken of as a cultivated 
English vegetable in the early sixteenth century: and in 168.3 we have record of it in the London 

To Be Successful with Asparagus 



."Asparagus is of comparatively easy culture | 
once a bed is established. It should, with I 
moderate care, produce for upward of twenty | 
5'ears. In the matter of soil, a sandy loam is I 
preferable, although not a necessity, for 
Asparagus is very adaptable to variable soil 
conditions. The bed must be well drained, 
however, for it will not thrive under extreme 
moisture- Preparation of the soil by thorough 
subsoilmg and deep plowing is a necessary 
step. Go down at least 15 inches. Assuming 1 
that green Asparagus is preferable over the | 
white or blanched variety, we recommend | 
that trenches be dug 4^ feet apart. These 
trenches should be a foot deep, with the earth 
thoroughly loosened and liberally dressed 
with well-decomposed stable manure, and a 
layer of at least 2 inches of fresh earth put 
over this. This allows a depth of about 8 
inches for the planting of the Asparagus root. 
Very often the trench is left open, with only 
about 2 inches of soil over the roots or crowns, 
fresh soil being applied as the root develops, 
until, by the close of the first season, the 
surface is practically level. We recommend 
that roots be set 20 inches apart in the row. 
Thus, approximately 5,000 roots are required 
per acre. This is about the number of roots 
that can be produced from one pound of seed. 

Contrary to former practice, the best 
Asp.iragus growers now transplant only one- 
year-old roolt. It appears that the shock of , 
transplanting two or three-year-old roots ' 



greatly retards the future growth and delays 
cutting. There is still a practice among som; 
firms of listing th?ir first-grade Asparagus 
roots as two-year-old roots, and their second- 
grade as one-year-old. Do not be misled on 
this point. Our large, one-year-old roots will 
allow a three-weeks' cutting season the spring 
after they are s;t. The second season there- 
after, a full season cut may -be obtained. 
April and May are the best months for setting 
out an Asparagus bed . We do not recommend 
Fall planting. 

Arguments pro and con for green and for 
while Asparagus are now drifting over to the 
green side, so that now very few markets pay 
a higher price for the big, coarse white sorts. 
The consumer has discovered that the green 
product has the more delicate flavor. The 
two types are produced from the same variety 
— the difference of color being entirely due to 
cultural treatment. Incidentally, green 
Asparagus can be grown in much stiffer soil 
than the white. To produce green Asparagus, 
practice level cultivation and cut almost 
entirely above the ground ; for white Aspara- 
gus, it is necessary to hill the rows, cutting 
some 8 inches below the ground. Of all 
vegetables which are improved by quick 
handling and freshness. Asparagus is, perhaps, 
the best example. It begins to lose its rare 
flavor within twenty minutes after cutting. 
There is a lesson in this for the wide-awake 
marketer. 




Mr. H. D. Culin, our Asparagus root grower, with our Mr. C. R. Mason 
inspecting the field of one-year-old Asparagus seedlings from which 
our roots will be delivered. Note the unusually heavy growth of fern. 




STOKES SEEDS 




Our stock of Fordhook Biish Lima Beans is remarkably free from runn8rs 



LIMA BEANS iTX^) 

Origin — Apparently the pole Lima Bean was kjiown in America 
long before the discovery-. It is a native of Tropical America, 
probably Peru or Brazil. Although quite different in general 
form and appearance from the ordinary string bean, Phaseolus 
\ ulgaris, it is, nevertheless, closely related. The Lima Bean was 
met with by the Spaniards on their first contact with the Indians 
of F lorida, Mexico and Peru. W ild forms of the Lima Bean are 
known in the L pper Amazon River \ alley and its seeds together 
with certain other vegetable seeds have been found in ancient 
Peruvian tombs at Ancon. The Indians of both North and 
South America were well acquainted with the species. The 
traditions of the cliff dwellers in our Southwestern desert country- 
have it that they were first gathered from the nearby canons 
thousands of years previous. 

The Bush Lima is a type of more recent discovery-, having 
been located along a roadside in \'irginia about one hundred 
years ago, and later introduced by Landreth. The broad bean 
of the old world, Vicia Faba, little known in this country, is 
not related to the genus Phaseolus. 

No. 3— FORDHOOK BUSH 

Days to maturity, 75. Introduced by Burpee in 1907. An 
improvement on the Dreer's Lima. The plant will attain a 
height of about twelve inches. It is a prolific bearer. The pods 
will range from four to four and one-half inches in length and 
will contain five or more large Beans of exceptional quality. 
The dried Beans are oval in shape, ver>- thick and white with a 
greenish tinge. As is the case with all Lima Beans, we would 
warn our trade not to plant them until the ground has become 
thoroughly warmed by the late Spring sun, and under no circum- 
stances should cracked Beans be planted, for, although they may 
have the strength to germinate, they will not be able to force the 
sprouts through the ground. Growers should be on their guard 
against purchasing certain stocks of Fordhook now available 
which have reverted back to the original running type, — a 
characteristic which is thoroughly undesirable. There is a short 
supply of high-grade Forkhook seed available this year. Our 
advice is to cover requirements as earlv as possible. Price, 
delivered: »/< lb., 20c; V2 lb-, 30c; lb., 50c; 5 lbs., (a, 48c per 
lb.; 10 lbs., @ 45c per lb.; 50 lbs.. (2 40c per lb. 

No. 4'-CHALLENGER POLE 

Da\ s to maturity, 85. Introduced by Thorburn in 1882. This 
variety is similar to the older Dreer's Pole Lima, differing only in 
that the pods are slightly larger and more often five seeded. 
Because of these {acts, it has entirely replaced that variety, but 
is frequently sold under the name of Dreer's Improved Pole. The 
plant is large, throwing vigorous runners, which are of the climb- 
ing habit. It is very productive, throwing pods four inches in 
length, broad, straight, flat, six seeded and dark grayish green. 

Green-shell Beans are medium in size, light green color and of excellent quality. The dried 
seeds are subcircular in outline, oval in cross section and greenish white in color. Price, 
delivered: V4 lb.. 15c; V2 lb., 25c; lb., 40c; 5 lbs., @ 35c per lb.; 10 lbs., (a 30c per lb; 50 
lbs., @ 24c per lb. 




[61 



DWARF BEANS ( 



PHASEOLUS] 
VULGARIS J 



STOKES SEEDS 



Origin — This genus which includes such species as 
the Kidney Beans is undoubtedly of South American 
origin, inasmuch as until the discovery of America none 
of the Beans of this family were cultivated in Europe. 
M. de Candolle, author of the "Nativity of the Bean," 
and considered an authority on the subject, produced 
strong data to prove that Tropical America was its 
original habitat. Among other points mentioned, is the 
fact that several kinds of this species have been found 
in Peruvian tombs at Ancon. Furthermore, shortly 
after 1500, the Kidney Bean began to be grown exten- 
sively in Europe where it has entirely supplanted the 
common Beans for garden purposes. The name "Kid- 
ney Bean" was given it because of its shape. The 
Indians were growing certain types at the time of the 
discovery of America, but they were not grown com- 
mercially here until a comparatively recent time. 
Keeney has done more in developing x^merican varieties 
of Kidney Beans than any other individual. 



No. 



S— GIANT STRINGLESS 
GREEN-POD 



Days to maturity, 45. Originated by Keeney and 
introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1898. Even after 
thirty years this Bean still holds a position of great im- 
portance. The fact that it is one of the three varieties 
that we now oflfer is an indication of what it means to 
our people. As shown in the illustration, this variety 
is a heavy bearer and can perhaps be picked in one-third 
the time of any other sort. The bearing period is 
comparatively short. The pods are about six inches in 
length, slightly curved, dark green in color, brittle and 
absolutely stringless. This variety is not recommended 
for low ground, inasmuch as the pods sometimes 
weigh down the plant and the Beans rest on the ground, thus causmg 
them to become spotted. Dry seeds are of a yellowish brown color. 
Price, delivered: 1/4 lb., 20c; 1/2 lb., 30c; lb., 50c; 5 lbs., @ 48c per 
lb.; 10 lbs,, @ 45c per lb.; 50 lbs., @ 30c per lb. 

No. 6*— BOUNTIFUL (green-podded) 

Days to maturity, 45. Originated in Genesee County, New York 
and introduced by Henderson in 1898. This Bean is one of the most 
important on the large Eastern markets which have come to pay a 
definite premium for a flat-podded, green stringless tyjje. The plant 
reaches a height of about sixteen inches. The pods are over six inches long, slightly 
curved, flat, light green in color, stringless, seven seeded and very attractive. This 
variety is a universal favorite l)ecause of its general good qualities. Price, delivered: 
Price, delivered: 1/4 lb., 20c; 1/2 lb., 35c; lb., 60c; 5 lbs., @ 55c per lb.; 10 lbs., 
@ 59c per lb.; 50 lbs., (a; 40c per lb. 




Giant Stringier 
ri cn-Pod is a very 
prolific variety 



No. T—ROUND-POD KIDNEY WAX 

Days to maturity, 45. Originated by Keeney and introduced by Johnson & Stokes 
in 1900. We consider Round-Pod Kidney Wax to be the leading Bean of the Wax 
varieties. It is stringless and a heavA' producer. The plant will grow to a height of 
about 15 inches, producing long, curved, round, yellow pods, extremely brittle and 
absolutely stringless. They are borne equally above and below the foliage. The 
table quality is excellent. Brittle Wax differs from Round-Pod Kidney Wax only in 
the color of the dry seed. Price, delivered : 1/4 lb., 20c; 1/2 lb., 35c; lb., 60c; 5 lbs., 
@ 55c per lb.; 10 lbs., @ 50c per lb.; 50 lbs., (ai 35c per lb. 



STOKES SEEDS 




Crosby's Egyptian 



No. 8— CROSBY'S EGYPTIAN 

Days to maturity, -40-50. Crosby's Egyptian 
is far and away the most important commer- 
cial Beet in the United States and Canada. Crosby's 
Egyptian will give genuine satisfaction wherever 
planted. We are particularly pleased with the 
general uniformity of the type and with the color of 
the root both interior and exterior. The top growth 
of this strain we would describe as of medium height. 
The stock shows very fine selection in all points, 
including the slender tap root. Our illustration will 
convey some idea of this stock. Growers can place 
everv confidence in it. Price, delivered: oz., 10c; 
1/4 lb.. 35c; lb., feOc; lb., $1.00; 5 lbs., % 95c 
per lb.; 10 lbs.. (5, 90c per lb.; 50 lbs.. ^ 85c 
per lb. 



BEET 



{BETA VULGARIS) 




Origin— A native of Europe, North Africa and Western 
Asia. It is named Beta because its seed pod resembles the 
shape of the Greek letter of that name. It has also been 
suggested that it came from the Celtic word Beta, meaning 
red. Beta Vulgaris, the parent of our garden varieties, is a 
native of Egypt, thus identifying two or three so-called 
Eg\ ptian Beets handled by present-day seedsmen. The 
native parent grew wild along the Southern shores of the 
Mediterranean, and was found as far East as the Caspian Sea 
and Persia. "E%'erything," according to de Candolle, "shows 
that its cultivation does not date from more than two or three 
centuries before the Christian Era." It is not 
known exactly when the Beet root was first 
introduced into cultivation. The ancients were 
well acquainted with the plant, but we have no 
account from which we can have certain knowl- 
edge that they cultivated it. Certainly it has 
been a garden vegetalile for two thousand years, 
as it is mentioned by most of the early writers on 
plants. De Serres, the seventeenth century 
French botanist, states that it was brought into 
France from Italy just prior to his time, and it 
no doubt was taken to England shortly afterward. 



No. 9— DETROIT DARK RED 

Days to niaturit\-, 45-55. Because of the import- 
ance of Detroit both as a canning and a shipping 
Beet we have taken great care to produce a stock 
that will be a credit to us and to those who plant it. 
Above all other points the matter of deep, blood-red 
interior color is of the greatest importance. Detroit 
Dark Red reaches an extremely high mark in that 
respect. We know of no other stock that can 
approach it regardless of price. Canners and 
shippers can place great confidence in this statement. 
Price, delivered: oz., 10c; Vi lb., 35c; V2 60c; 
lb., $1.00; 5 lbs., @ 95c per lb.; 10 lbs., (§> 90c 
per lb. ; 50 lbs., 85c per lb. 




Detroit Dark Red 



BROCCOLI 

{BRASSICA OLERACEA. VAR. BOTRYTIS CALABRESE) 

No. 10— GLORY OF CALABRIA 

A vegetable of enormous possibilities 

Days to maturity, 130-150. About once every decade this country seems to 
adopt another of the Old World vegetables. It is within the memory of most of 
us that the present Grapefruit was sold as a Shaddock. About ten years ago, 
someone brought the White Antibes W'inter Melon to Colorado, propagated it 
and gave it the name of Honey Dew. Similar popularity and acceptance seems 
to be due this ancient Italian vegetable, the production of which has been limited 
almost exclusively to the little Province of Calabria in Southern Italy. The fact 
that within a five-year period the large markets are already accepting it on a 
basis of several carloads a day, gives an indication of its popularity. It is a 
dish that is now enjoyed not only by the Italians who have always known it, 
but by Anglo Saxons to whom it is comparatively new. The enthusiasm for 
it is remarkable; and, perhaps what is best of all, people are ready and willing 
to pay a good price for it. Even on the produce markets it brings an average of 
$2.00 per bushel hamper almost any time of the year. 

Because of its delicious table quality, and because it can be grown in almost 
any part of the United States, we predict a very interesting future for it. In 
order to make a first-hand study of this new vegetable, our Mr. F. C. Stokes 
made a special trip to Italy this past Spring for the purpose. Because there are 
a number of different species of Broccoli, the American trade has been very 
seriously confused as to the true heading type. One stock, for instance, that has 
had wide sale is nothing more nor less than a type of Seven -TopTurnip. This 
species in Italy is known as Broccoli di Rapi. 

In order to be positively sure of what we are selling, all of our stock of Broccoli, 
Glory of Calabria, has been given a bag-by-bag type test. Therefore, all of our 
Broccoli as ofTered this year will be proven stock and can be planted with entire 
confidence. 



This type of Broccoli is a member of the Brassica family and may be best 
described as a green-headed Cauliflower. We would point out, however, that 
Broccoli does not require the same care as Cauliflower. It should be started in 
plant beds and transplanted to the field so that it will mature either during the 
late Spring or the early F"all. It requires a definitely cool season for its proper 
development. 



The true heading Broccoli, as originally grown near Cosenza in Calabria, 
develops a head on the main stalk. After this is cut and marketed, smaller heads 
will develop from the axis of the leaves. These are tied together in bunches of 
two or three and also marketed. The normal cut is thereby doubled. Growers 
should be on their guard against buying merely Green Sprouting Italian Broccoli 
for you may or may not be getting the true Calabrese type. This is the only one 
that brings the high prices on the market. Price, delivered: pkt., 25c; oz., 
$1.25; Vi lb.. $5.00; 1/2 lb., $10.00; lb., $20.00; 5 lbs., @ $19.00 per lb.; 
10 lbs., @ $18.00 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ $16.00 per lb. 




stokes seeds 

Copenhagen Market Types 



We offer on this page three distinct strains of the Copenhagen Market type. E^ch one has its own 
particular place. Any planter interested in early, round-headed Cabbage should carefully read these 
descriptions before ordering. Viking Copenhagen is the earliest type known, earlier than any strain of 
Golden Acre that we have tested. Baltic Copenhagen is the late maturing type, reaching its full develop- 
ment about two weeks later than the Viking strain. Wisconsin Copenhagen is the yellows-resistant 
strain which we recommend only to planters whose soil is infested with Cabbage yellows. The season of 
this strain is comparable with Baltic Copenhagen. 




No. 11— VIKING COPENHAGEN 

Days to maturity. 85-95. All Cabbage growers know the value of coming on the early market five 
days ahead of surrounding competition. Viking Copenhagen will give such a f>erformance. It is now 
past the experimental stage. Customers reports confirm our crop inspections and numerous trial ground 
readings. Our opinion has again been confirmed that Viking Copenhagen is the most profitable, early, 
round-headed Cabbage. It will average live days earlier in maturity than Golden Acre which we have 
eliminated m its favor, and from 10 to 15 days earlier than the regular commercial stocks of Copenhagen 
Market. The leaf growth is so restrained that plants may be set from 12 to 14 inches apart in the row. 
Taken all and all we consider that Viking Copenhagen will give the largest returns per acre of any Cabbage 
lable. The slight additional cost of Viking Copenhagen will be less than $1.00 per acre and on a 
$5.00 market that is nothing. If you are not already fortunate enough to have made the acquaintance 
of Viking Copenhagen do not postpone the trial for another season. It is taking the big money in early 
Cabbage. Price, delivered: pkt., 25c; oz., $1.00; V* lb., $.^.50; Vi lb., $6,00; lb„ $10.00; 
5 lbs., @ $9,75 per lb,; 10 lbs,, $9..S0 per lb.; 50 lbs,. @ $9.00 per lb. 

No. 12— BALTIC COPENHAGEN 

Days to maturity, 95-105. This strain will be at least 12 days later in reaching 
maturity than Viking Copenhagen. On the other hand, it is proportionately 
and heavier, averaging nearly one pound per head more than the Viking. 
This slock will prove to be a very valuable one for general crop purposes, lis 
uniformity of size, shape and ripening is one of its outstanding features. Many 
of our customers have been deeply impres,sed with this stock. Price, delivered: 
pkt., lOc; oz., 35c; Vt lb., $1.25; Vz lb., $2.25; lb., $4,00; 5 lbs., @ $3,85 
per lb.; 10 lbs., @ $3,75 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ $3.50 per lb. 

No. 13— WISCONSIN COPENHAGEN 

Days to maturity, 95-105. This Cabbage is also sold under the name of 
Marion Market. It is the best strain of yellows-resistant Copenhagen that we 
know of and will prove to be commercially profitable under the most damaging 
yellows conditions. Because the strain has been bred for that feature, we have 
not as yet succeeded in reaching the high degree of uniformity that we have with 
the Baltic strain. If, therefore, you are not located in the Cabbage yellows belt 
we advise the Baltic rather than the Wisconsin strain. For those who have 
suffered loss by Cabbage yellows, our Wisconsin Copenhagen will prove a God. 
send. Price, deUvered: pkt,, 25c; oz.. $1.25; >/« lb., $4.25; Vj lb., $8.00: 
lb., $15.00; 5 lbs., @ $14.50 per lb.; 10 lbs.. @ $14.00 per lb. 

I have great confidence in your Viking Copenhagen Cabbage 
seed.— W. D. L.. Davisville, Pa. 



WHY NOT GOLDEN ACRE? 

For the reason that our Viking strain is earlier. 
There is no need of an "also ran" in this class. 
Read the Viking description. 



This photograph shows the compactness of our Viking Copenhagen 



10] 



CABBAGE ( 



BRASSICA OLERACEA.\ 
VAR. CAPITATA ) 



STOKES SEEDS 



Origin — Undoubtedly the entire Brassica group can be traced to the wild Cabbage, 
Brassica oleracea, which grows wild on the sea cliffs of the English Channel and the 
Western European Coast. The Roman name Brassica is supposed to have come from 
the word Praeseco because it was cut off from the stalk, the word Cabbage referring 
to the firm head or ball which is formed by the leaves. The Cabbage is one of the 
vegetables which has been cultivated from the earliest times. To quote Vilmorin, 
"The ancients were well acquainted with it and certainly possessed several varieties 
of the head-forming kind. The great antiquity of its culture may be inferred from 
the immense number of varieties which are now in existence." A more wonderful 
example of a genus producing so many distinct forms of vegetation for the use of man 
IS scarcely to be met with throughout the range of the vegetable kingdom. The leaves 

No. 14—RESELECTED EARLY 
JERSEY WAKEFIELD 

Days to maturity, 90-100. This strain of Wakefield ■* 
is often sold as Extra-Early Jersey Wakefield. In our 
variety simplification program we prefer to hold to our 
policy of original nomenclature and at the same time 
offer the best available. This stock has been developed 
to a degree of purity and early maturity that we believe 
is not surpassed in the pointed types. Practically the 
entire crop can be taken off by the second cutting. 
This feature together with the great solidness and 
uniformity of the head makes it a stock of importance 
to all growers of this type of cabbage. Price, delivered : 
pkt., 10c; oz., 25c; 1/4 lb., 85c; Vz lb., $1.50; lb., 
$2.75; 5 lbs., @ $2.65 per lb., 10 lbs., @ $2.50 per 
lb., 50 lbs., @ $2.25 per lb. 

Ho. IS— RESELECTED 
CHARLESTON WAKEFIELD 

Days to maturity, 95-105. Our Charleston Wakefield 
will mature at least one week earlier than the usual 
strains of Charleston. It will mature a solid head about ' 
V2 pound heavier and about one week later than Early 
Jersey Wakefield. Of the two, our Charleston stock is 
slightly more uniform, being rated at 96%, as against 
94% in competitive tests. The restrained 
leaf growth is a feature of the variety. 
Growers of large Charleston acreage need go 
no farther or pay more for any finer stock. 
If one exists, we do not know of it and we 
have kept a sharp lookout in that direction. 
This stock at present is extremely satisfactory. 
We hardly see how it could be improved upon. It is making 
a strong return for our customers. Price, delivered: pkt., 
oz., 25c; Vi lb., 85c; 1/2 lb., $1.50; lb., $2.75; 5 lbs., 
per lb.; 10 lbs., @ $2.50 per lb.; 50 lbs., ® $2.25 per lb 

We have grown Early Jersey Wakefield Cabbage from another firm with never a 
failure — yet your strain planted beside them last two years has given even better results. 

B. Bros., Nevada, Iowa. 



of this plant were probably eaten by the barbarous or half civilized tribes of Europe 
and when history begins the plant had been transferred to cultivated grounds and 
produced heads. It appears to have been in general use before the Aryan Migration, 
1700 B. C, and in the time of Cato and Pliny many distinct varieties were known in 
Rome. The Roman armies have the credit for disseminating it over Northern Europe 
Cromwell's soldiers introduced it into Scotland. While England is considered the real 
home of the Brassica family, there are many varieties which are considered peculiarly 
American. These, however, have only been made so after long years of selection work 
on the original French and English sorts. 




lOc; 

@ $2.65 



Our Reselected Charleston 
Wakefield is extra o^rly and 
very uniform 



111 i 



STOKES SEEDS 




No. 17— ALL HEAD EARLY 

Days to maturity, 115-125. All Head Early was a selection made 
personally by the late Mr. Burpee in 1888 from a field of Henderson's 
Succession, which was being grown on the farm of Mr. J. M. Lupton, 
Mattituck, Long Island. It was thus named and introduced by Burpee 
in 1891. We believe this is the earliest of the flat types. It has a very 
deep set head which gives a high tonnage per acre. The average weight 
of the heads will be from 4 to 5 pounds. All Head Elarly is especially 
recommended to Texas growers in place of Stein's Flat Dutch which, 
under ver>' favorable growing conditions, will produce too large a head. 
The market tends toward a smaller size Cabbage. Price, delivered: 
oz., 15c; >/4 lb., 50c; lb- 90c; lb.. $1.60; 5 lbs.. @ $1.55 per lb.; 
10 lbs., $1.50 per lb.; 50 lbs., (a $1.40 per lb. 



CABBAGE 

No. 16— GLORY OF ENKHUIZEN 

Days to maturity, 110-120. A Holland Cabbage introduced by 
Sluis & Groot, 1896 and brought to this country shortly afterward. 
Glory of Enkhuizen is a later and larger Cabbage of the round- 
headed type. — it having come originally from very much the same 
source as the Copenhagen Market. Because of its growing and 
shipping qualities it has made an important place for itself especi- 
ally among the large producers of Texas. The head is slightly 
elongated, although nearly round, solid and of excellent quality. 
The crisp tender leaves will sometimes be slightly curled and 
twisted, a feature which is typical of true stocks of the variety. 
Price, delivered: oz., 15c; lb., 50c; 1/2 lb., 90c; lb., $1.60; 
5 lbs., (a $1.55 per lb.; 10 lbs., $1.50 per lb; 50 lbs., @ 
$1.40 per lb. 




[12 1 



No. 18-DRUMHEAD SAVOY 

Days to maturity, 120-130. An extremely old type, probably 
originating in England. Savoy Cabbage was offered by Robert Sinclair, 
Jr., & Co., Baltimore, iA 1839. The stock we offer will prove to be the 
true Savoy. The color is divided between green and blue-green. The 
leaf growth is large and upright. The heads will average 10 inches in 
diameter. This will be found a satisfactory stock for all general punx)ses. 
Price, delivered: pkt., 10c; oz., 25c; 1/4 lb., 85c; V2 lb., $1.60; lb., 
$3.00; 5 Ibs„ @ $2.85 per lb.; 10 lbs., @> $2,75 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ 
$2.50 per lb. 



Your Penn State Ballhead is the very best Cabbage that I have ever grown. It is 
a wonderful cropper and a splendid keeper.— J. D, M., Lancaster, Pa. 



Last year I was given some of your Penn State Ballhead Cabbage seed which 
proved to be the best Cabbage I have ever grown.— E. J. B.. Palmerton, Pa. 



STOKES SEEDS 




Drumhead Savoy 




The feijiarkablc compactness of Penn State Ballhead is 
responsible for its high tonnage per acre 



NO. 19— PENN STATE BALLHEAD 

Days to maturity, LTO-140. Penn State Ballheadas developed by Dr. C. E. Myers, of 
Pennsylvania State College, is one of the very best strains of the Ballhead or Hollander 
type. The average yield of late Cabbage in New York State is about eight tons per 
acre, and barely pays the cost of production. Penn State Ballhead shows records of 
over twenty tons per acre over a long period of years. It is this extra tonnage after 
production costs have been paid that brings the profit. The primary reason for the 
increased yield in the Penn State strain lies in the successful selection for hard, tight 
heads, weighing at least one-third more than ordinary Danish heads of equal size. 
The photograph on this page illustrates this quality. A special point of interest is the 
restricted seed stalk which apparently is a factor in the elimination of premature 
cracking. We urge close planting of Penn State Ballhead which will keep the head at 
the desirable market size and at the same time increase the tonnage. Count on 7500 
plants per acre. We do not recommend the production of Penn State Ballhead South 
of the late Cabbage area in the northern tier states. Price, delivered: pkt., 25c; 
oz., $1.00; Vi lb., $3.50; V2 lb., $6.00; lb., $10.00; 5 lbs., @ $S>.75 per lb.; 10 lbs., 
@ $9.50 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ $9.00 per lb. 



I 13 1 



STOKES SEEDS 



CARROT ( 



DAUCUS-] 
CAROTA 




Origin — A native ot Europe, probably the British Isles. The horticultural improvemtnt 
of the species is crcJjird to Holland: from thence it was introduced into English gardens 
during the reign of Queen Elizabetn. Theophrastus. the Greek, and Pliny both speak of a 
Carrot, but there seems some question as to whether our common garden Carrol was known 
before the Fifteenth Century. Most American varietifs of Carrot origmated in France. 

No. 20— CHANTENAY 

Days to maturity, 55-70. IntrcKluced by Vilmorin and 
first listed in this country by Ferr>' in 1889. Chantenay 
n\ay be considered the sTkndard Carrot for all general 
purposes. In length it will average from 4 to 5 inches. Its 
color is a rich orange-red. In shap)e the root is of great 
uniformity, of the half-long type, smooth and free from 
side rootlets. Chantenay is a finely bred type and one 
which is planted with absolute confidence by many of the 
largest growers. Our sales of this variety are now reaching 
enormous proportions, a fact which is an indication of the 
high merit of the strain. Price, delivered: oz., 10c; 
Vi lb.. 25c; 1/2 lb., 4«c; lb., 75c; 5 lbs., (a; 72c per lb.; 
10 lbs., (3, 70c per lb.; 50 lbs., (a 65c per lb. 

No. 21 
DANVERS HALF-LONG 

Days to maturity, 60-75. variety developed near 
Dan vers, Mass., and first listed by Gregory in 1877. 
Danvers is a main season Carrot, adaptable to various soil 
conditions. It differs from Chantenay in that it is slightly 
longer in reaching maturity and will average an inch cfr so 
more in length, tapering to a blunt point. The average diameter 
of the root is slightly smaller than Chantenay. The color is a 
deep orange, but as a rule does not have the rich scarlet cast 
which is sometimes present in Chantenay. On the other hand, 
it is not so lilcelv to split in wet weather. Price, delivered: 
oz., 10c; 1/4 lb., 25c; 1/2 lb., 40c; lb., 75c; 5 lbs.. ^ 72c per lb.; 
10 lbs., 70c per lb.; 50 lbs., (a 65c per lb. 



No. 22— SCARLET NANTES 

Days to maturity, 65. This well-known early , table Carrot 
is of French origin, and because of the delicate texture of the root 
has been named "Coreless." This type of Carrot is largely 
grown in the Nantes district in France. It is a half-long, stump- 
rooted Carrot reaching a length of from 4 to 6 inches when mature. 
The tops are small, and the roots cylindrical, of a light orange 
color, and comparatively free of side-roots. It is one of the most 
symmetrical and handsome Carrots of its class. Our strain is 
one that will give everv satisfaction. Price, delivered: oz.. 10c; 
1/4 lb.. 35c; 1/2 lb.. 66c; lb., $1.00; 5 lbs.. @ 95c per lb.; 10 
lbs., @^ 90c per lb.; 50 lbs.. 80c per lb. 

114] 



CUCUMBER ( 



Origin — A native of the East, Vilmonn crediting 
the East Indies, while de Candolle places Northern 
India as point of probable origin. Vilmorin toeing a 
close student of the subject, we are inclined to give 
preference to his deductions. Cucumber is one of 
the oldest cultivated vegetables, being under culti- 
vation long before the Greek and Egyptian civiliza- 
tion, although it was well-known to both. Pliny 
writes at length on the subject, and makes special 
reference to the Cucumbers as supplied to the 
Emperor Tiberius, who wanted them available 
every day in the year. The Cucumbers of the 
Scriptures were probably a wild form of melon (no 
doubt of Persian origin), which was common in 
Egypt at that time. Cucumbers have been culti- 
vated in England for several centuries. Until 
within two hundred years they were known as 
Cowcumbers. 

No. 23— Early Fortune 

Days to maturity, 55-65. Johnson & 
Stokes introduced the Evergreen White 
Spine in 1886. Early Fortune is a strain of 
Evergreen White Spine. The fruits of Early 
Fortune will average about 8}/2 inches. Our strain is one of the most perfect that has 
so far been developed both as to shape and as to the luxurious deep green color of the 
fruit. We do not know of a purer stock that is available anywhere. Price, delivered : 
oz., I5c; 1/4 lb., 35c; V2 lb., 55c; lb., $1.25; 5 lbs., @ $1.15 per lb.; 10 lbs., @ 
$1.10 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ $1.00 per lb. 




No. 24— GREEN PACK 



Days to maturity, 50-60. This is a Cucumber of the well-known "stay green type. 
This type is now the prevailing favorite in all Cucumber districts on the Atlantic Coast 
from Florida to North Carolina. It is slightly earlier and slightly shorter than Early 
Fortune, but because of its beautiful green color it invariablv finds a ready sale on the 
markets. Synonyms for Green Pack include Green Hill, Sunny South, Dark (jteen 



STOKES SEEDS 



Sheer, etc. Price, delivered: oz., 15c; V4 lb., 35c; V2 lb., 65c; lb., $1.25; 5 lbs., 
@, $1.15 per lb.; 10 lbs., @ $1.10 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ $1.00 per lb. 

No. 2S— WINDERMOOR WONDER 

Days to maturity, 60-70. Our Company had the honor of introducing this Cucumber 
12 years ago. It is named for our old seed farm in Burlington County, New Jersey. 
It is the product of a cross between English Telegraph and Davis Perfect. Windermoor 
Wonder has been particularly successful in green houses. It is not as heavy a bearer 
as Early Fortune or Green Pack but the individual fruits are averaging 10 to 12 inches 
in length, are very handsome and command a high price. Price, delivered: pkt., 
10c; oz., 35c; Vi lb., $1.25; Vz lb., $2.25; lb., $4.00; 5 lbs., © $3.85 per lb.; 10 
lbs., @ $3.75 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ $3.50 per lb. 




STOKES SEEDS 



CAULIFLOWER 



(Brassica 01erniicea\ 
Var. botrytis ) 




Harry Gale standing behind his prize winning Cauliflower 



A letter received from Mr. Harry Gale on November 22, 1928: "Took second prize on Snowball, 
and second and third prizes on a collection of dozen heads at The Royal Winter Fair, Toronto. 
Canada. There were fifteen entries in each class." 

6 16 1 



ORicrK— native of Europe and West Asia, having been under cultivation sometime before the 
Christian Era. It apparently was well-known to the Greeks and Romans, at least in its cruder form. 
It is not until more recent times that the vegetable has been refined to its present condition. Pickering 
states that Cauliflower was first mentioned in 540 B. C. Hehn, a German writer, states that true 
Cauliflower is of Eastern origin and came to Europe via Venice and Antwerp. The Moors of Spain 
are said to have written about it in the twelfth century, having received it about that time from Syria 
On its first introduction to West Europe it was called Cabbage of Cyprus, probably referring to the 
place where the seed was grown. 



No. 26— Riverhead Snowball 

Days to maturity, 110-120. In Cauliflower, we have based 
our success on the supp>osition that to do one thing very well, 
will bring a greater return to ourselves and our customers than to 
spread our effort over a number of different strains. Our success 
with Snowball Cauliflower is the result of complete investi- 
gations of the whole subject. The strain we offer, in the experi- 
ence of many of our customers, has not been surpassed. To 
identify it we now sell it under the name of Riverhead Snowball. 
Riverhead Snowball will mature with great evenness. The 
heads are solid, finely grained and pure white in color. One of 
the outstanding features is the great depth of the head. The 
plant is compact, but not too short-leaved. It is vigorous and 
quick growing. The heads make a beautiful appearance on the 
market and sell for the highest prices. The\' are of fine texture, 
entirely smooth and free from head leaves. Under ordinary 
conditions there will be no loss from shift or pearling. 

Riverhead Snowball, has come in for some high 
comfjctitive honors this year. .At the Canadian 
National Exhibition in Toronto it took first prize. 
In the Cauliflower contest staged by the Vegetable 
^ ^ ^. Growers .Association of America, at South Bend, 
Indiana, it took second and third prizes. Beside these 
two awards, Riverhead Snowball has come out with 
honors in many individual exhibits. Mr. Harry Gale's 
statement as submitted with his exhibit in the Cauli- 
flower Champion Contest is printed on the opposite 
page. This story can be read with profit by anv 
Cauliflower grower. Growers who are on the lookout 
for one of the ver\- finest strains of Snowball will find 
great satisfaction and a high degree of excellence in the 
Stokes strain — Riverhead Snowball. Price, delivered: 
pkt., 50c; 1/2 oz.. 80c; oz., $1.50; '/< lb., $6.00; 
1/2 lb., $12.00; lb., $24.00; 5 lbs., @ $22.00 per lb.; 
10 lbs., (3, $20.00 per lb. 



EXHIBITOR'S STATEMENT 



St. Catherines, Ont., R. R. No. 3. 
CAULIFLOWER Contest. September 15, 1928. 

Gentlemen : 

We usually try to get our first sowing of late Cauliflower seed in the soil just as soon 
as it is possible to get on the open ground in the Spring. This is followed with two 
other sowings about a week apart. This usually gives us good strong plants by June 
1st at which time we start to plant and continue to do so when the weather is favorable 
(as we have no irrigation) until the 15th of July. 

We have experimented with different varieties but have always had the best results 
with the Francis C. Stokes & Co. strain of Early Snowball. We use this variety for 
both early and late plantings. Our soil is a heavy sandy loam which seems to respond 
best to well-rotted manure and crop rotation. We have never had any noticeable 
difference from the use of commercial fertilizers so have discontinued their use. We 
plan to go over our patches twice a week and tie up any heads that are forming. 
This is necessary to keep the head white and marketable. 

The cost of producing an acre of Cauliflower depends a good deal on the value of your 
land. In our case I would say the cost of production per acre would be about $500.00. 
Our returns over the last five years have run anywhere from $200.00 to SI, 000. 00 per 
acre depending a good deal on the weather and our local market conditions at the 
time of harvest. 

We market our crop through about a dozen local stores which we keep supplied. In 
this way we have a steady demand throughout the season. This year we commenced 
to cut the early ones the first part of June and have cut every week since and expect 
to continue to do so until late in December. 

Respectfully submitted, Harry G.\le. 





-3 




• 







ONTARIO 



ARTICLE J 

EXH IBITOR 1 HABBY CW^T.F. 



Stokes Riverhead Snowball won this priz 




STOKES SEEDS 




ii8i 



CELERY 

{APWM GRAVEOLENS) 



Origin — A native of Europe. Ancient witers give no definite infor- 
mation of this vegetable, and it seems doubtful whether Celery was 
cultivated until some time after the Middle Ages. Until long after the fall 
of Rome it was not freely distinguished from parsley. Homier mentions 
Selinon in the Odyssey, but this is thought to refer to a wild form of Celery. 
In 1629 .A. D. Parkinson states that "sellery is a rarity in England," 
and apparently Celery as we know it was not a common vegetable in Europe 
until after 1800. 



No. 27— GOLDEN SELF-BLANCHING 

Days to maturity, 115-125. After forty years, Golden Self-blanching 
still maintains a very important place among the commercial Celery- 
growers of this country-. It has been the parent stock from which a number 
of new strains have been developed, including Golden Plume, Easy- 
blanching, and others. Of late there has been developed a much taller 
stock of Golden Self-blanching. We have not felt justified in offering that 
type, however. The stock offered herewith is the original dwarf, early- 
maturing type. Our strain has been grown with great care. It is proven a 
year in advance of sale to our customers who may purchase it with full 
confidence that the type is true and up to our usual superstandard require- 
ments. Golden Self-blanching will prove to be a better keeping Celery 
than Golden Plume. It can be stored until the holiday season without 
difficulty. Price, delivered: pkt., 20c; oz., 75; V4 lb., $2.75; V2 lb.. 
$5.00; lb., $9.00; 5 lbs., @ $8.75 per lb.; 10 lbs., @ $8.50 per lb. 



Growers in all districts are finding satisfaction and profit in our Celery 
seed. Concentration on two varieties has strengthened our position. For 
the present at least we have eliminated all green stocks for the reason the 
vast majority of commercial Celery growing is now with yellow Celery, 
although we must admit that for fine table quality nothing can compete 
with some of the best green sorts. Sanford, Florida, is the largest indi- 
vidual Celery district in the United States and situated there as we are 
with our branch office, we are in position to be in the very closest contact 
with the situation. It is a satisfaction to report that our stocks there are 
giving excellent results. 



No. 28 
GOLDEN PLUME 



Days to maturity, 105-115. This justly 
celebrated variety was introduced in 1923. 
In six short years it has gained tremendous 
popularity and as a commercial crop we 
consider it of greater importance than 
Golden Self-Blanching, a variety which has 
led the procession for over forty years. 
The value of Golden Plume lies in its 
extreme earliness and in its elegant, full- 
hearted appearance. In addition to these 
important points it is blanched with greater 
ease than any variety we know. Golden 
Plume is available for market at least a 
week ahead of Golden Self-Blanching and 
is distinctly more resistant to disease than 
that variety. It is not a long keeping 
Celery and should be handled promptly Golden 
when ready for market. Golden Plume is 
looked upon as one of the few leaders. 
This year in the exacting Philadelphia 
County trials our strain held its own with 
the foremost competition in this country. In the 
important Sanford, Florida district it has earned a high 
reputation of being among the very finest Celery grown 
in that section. 

Infinite care is taken in the production of our seed 
which is saved only from plants showing the true, full- 
hearted type. The photograph on this page gives a 
fair idea of the robust size of the stalk. In studying this 
photograph, keep in mind that the fact that it had to be 
greatly reduced to get it on the page. We would point out 
that Golden Plume is now sold under about ten different 
titles. The most common synonym is Wonderful. Price, 
delivered: pkt., 25c; oz., $1.25; Vi lb., $5.00; Vz lb., 
$10.00; !b., $20.00; 5 lbs., @ $19.00 per lb.; 10 lbs., 
@ $18.00 per lb. 




STOKES SEEDS 



SWEET CORN ( 



ZEA MAYS VAR 
SACCHARAIA 



Origin— Probably a native of Peru. Darwin having found heads of Maize embedded in the Peruvian 
Oiast 85 feet above the present sea level. Botanists universally conceded that Com originated in America 
and as its close relation, teosinte. is indigenous to Mexico, some have placed il there rather than farther 
South. In 1914 Dr. F. H. Knowllon came on a fossilized ear of Com in Kuzco, Peru, thus giving us 
tangible evidence of the geologic existence of the species. It is one of the first evidences of vegelaDlts 
being transferred from prehistoric to geological time, possibly taking it back a hundred thousand years. 
The type of the fossil ear has many of the characteristics essential lo the domestic varieties still being 
grown in Peru and Bolivia. The name 
Corn was given it by the North American 
Indians. The reference to Com amongst 
the Egyptians of Biblical times was not 
Com as we know it. but some other grain, 
possibly wheal. Indian Com. however, 
was found under a comparatively high slate 
of cultivation on the discovery 
of the New World. The first 
variety of sweet Com. under 
cultivation, was reported in the 
reifion of Plymouth, 
where it had come from 
Susquehanna Indians in 
According to Schenck. 
were two varieties of 
sweet Com in 1854. 
Slowell's Evergreen was 
offered by Thorbum in 
1861 and Golden Ban- 
tam was listed by 
Gregory as Golden 
Sweet "several year-; 
prior lo 1873. We 
have the word of 
Dr. W. W. Tracy 
on these 
latter points 




No. 29— THE VANGUARD 

Days to maturity, 65-70. Without any reservation, we want to state that The 
Vanguard Corn is positively in a class by itself from point of view of combined earliness 
and fine marketable size and appearance. Because of this combination we consider it 
the most valuable commercial sweet Corn ever introduced. Vanguard was developed 
some four years ago by Mr. A. L. Richie, a successful corn grower and breeder in 
Burlington Countv, N'. J. It is sold locally under the name of Earliest Ever. We 
first offered it in 1926. 

Webster's Dictionary defines Vanguard as "the troops which march in front of an 
army; the van." It is well named for Vanguard Corn leads the whole procession to 
the markets and has taken practically all of the early money. It will mature the 
same week as Early Adams, an extra early field type. It will mature four days earlier 

than Howling Mob and has a longer, 
thicker ear. From point of view of 
• - ■ quality it is unsurpassed. It is of 

"■—i— extremely fine table quality. If you 

- . , , think the public will still pay for 

horse Corn when sweet Corn is 
available — just try it. 

Our seed supply of this important 
variety is grown privately for us 
under our control in Burlington 
County. The germination should 
run around 99% all the way through. 
Any grower looking for the very 
finest buy in early white sweet Corn 
can do no better than to go in for 
Vanguard in a large wav. Price, 
delivered: 1/4 lb., 15c; 1/2 lb., 25c; 
lb.. 40c; 5 lbs., @, 35c per lb.; 10 
lbs., @ 30c per lb.; 50 lbs., @ 
24c per lb. 



Vanguard is the best early Com we have 
ever had and a real money maker. It gets 
the high early price and has so many ears 
on the stalk. Your seeds are always good. 
We have grown them in Illinois. Iowa and 
Pennsylvania. — W. C. C Lenni. Pa. 



I had very good success with your Van- 
guard sweet Com. II is so large and early. 
I have tried out several kinds of sweet Com 
111 kinds last year) but Vanguard is the 
best of all — H. H. C. Matloon, 111. 



Slokcs Vanguard Com is the earliest and largest of its class 



No. 30— LORD'S GOLDEN AGE 



STOKES SEEDS 



A new and extra-early Corn 

Days to maturity, 60. We are seldom privileged to offer our 
trade a new introduction which holds out such great promise as 
does Lord's Golden Age. For sometime Horticulturists have 
been trying to improve on the already fine (jolden Bantam. The 
earlier work was to develop a larger ear, the later work was to 
develop a quicker maturing ear and as a result the Golden 
Bantam family has grown in a most interesting way. 

Within the last year or so (jolden Sunshine, Extra Early 
Golden Bantam, The Burpee, Gill's Golden Early Market, etc., 
have been offered. Before accepting any of these we made a 
thorough survey of the entire situation and through the very 
kind assistance of Prof. A. E. Wilkinson and the Connecticut 
Experiment Station we have been able to secure stock seed of an 
entirely new variety as developed by Mr. James E. Lord of 
Stonington, Conn. For twelve years Mr. Lord has refused to 
let this seed go out of his possession, but at the urging of the 
Exi^eriment Station men he realized that he had something of 
great value for the corn growers of his state. Mr. Lord has now 
agreed to let it out for public distribution. We believe we are 
the first seed firm to offer it commercially. 



of the Golden Bantam type 

Lord's Golden .'\ge is fully 12 days earlier than Golden Bantam 
This in itself is an important fact. The outstanding feature of 
Golden Age over similar types is the fact that it is fully 25% 
more productive than any of them.. In addition to greater 
productivity, there is distinctly more foliage on the Golden Age 
which, of course, is a decided advantage. The ear itself averages 
from 6 to 7 inches which is equal to Golden Sunshine and which is 
an inch longer than Extra Early Golden Bantam or The Burpee. 
The number of rows varies between 8 and 12. The eating 
quality we should say is superior to any of its immediate com- 
petitors. The blood of this strain contains some Dighton and 
some (iolden Bantam. The dry seed has a reddish tinge, but the 
marketable Corn is a bright golden yellow. 

Lord's Golden Age should prove a great money maker to all 
market gardeners who have in the past been using Golden 
Bantam. Our seed has been grown privately for us in Connecticut 
under ideal conditions. Because of Mr. Lord's long success with 
the variety we feel that it is entirely past the experimental stage 
and we recommend large blocks of it without reservation. Be 
sure vou plant Golden .■\ge this vear. Price, delivered: V4 lb., 
15c; 1/2 lb., 25c; lb., 40c; 5 lbs., @ 35c per lb.; 10 lbs., @ 30c 
per lb.; 50 lbs., (a 24c per lb. 



Lord's Golden Age 



No. 31— LONG ISLAND BEAUTY 



Days to maturity, 85. The important money that has been 
made in sugar Corn seems to have been with the extra early 
varieties and with the extremely late varieties. Because of the 
tremendously heavy yielding qualities of Long Island Beauty it 
has come to be recognized as one of the most profitable varieties. 
It is a very late maturing corn with an immense ear, often 12 
inches in length and containing from 16 to 18 rows. The stalk 



is between 7 and 8 feet high. Long Island Beauty will mature 
even later than the well-known .Stowell's Evergreen. Because 
of the characteristics noted it warrants the serious consideration 
of any large grower. Price, delivered: Vi lb., 15c; V2 lb., 25c; 
lb., 40c; 5 lbs. 35c per lb.; 10 lbs. % 30c per lb.; 50 lbs., @ 
20c per lb. 





Long Island Beauty 



I 21 1 



STOKES SEEDS 



EGGPLANT ( 



SOLANUM 
MELONGENA 




Okigin — A native of the tropics, \ ilmorin definitely credited South America ; Bailey, 
howe\er, placing it in the East Indies. Since the reports of its use as a vegetable 
come after the discovery of America, and owing to its similaritN- to tomato and pepper, 
both ot which are definitely traced to South .America, we are inclined to give Vilmorin 
credit for being right. The fact that it is called Guana Squash adds further e\ idence 
that it is a New World dish, as does the fact that it has Ix^en so well known as a 
\egetable amongst the West Indies since the disco\er>-. Gerard in the first edition 
of his Herbal (1596) shows distincth- that, although Eggplant was known in England 
at the time, it was not considered to ha\'e edible qualities. He states, "I rather wish 
Englishmen to content themselves with the meale and sauce of our own country 
than with fruit and sauce eaten with such peril: for doubtless these apples have a 
niis< hie\ ()u> qualit>-: the use thereof is utterly to be forsaken." To which Phillips 

1SJ2 adds: "Witii this caution we cannot be surprised that the Eggplant should 
ha\c l>een in our gardens for 220 years without reaching our tables." Eggplant 
has lieen culti\ated in America for less than a centur\-. 

No. 32— IMPERIAL BLACK BEAUTY 

A stock free from the organisms of Phomopsis rot 

Days to maturity, 110-125. The shocking disease loss on Eggplant 
in recent years has led us to take steps to provide our trade with seed 
that is free from the ravaging organism known as Phomopsis rot. 



This disease attacks the plants, in some 
cases ruining whole fields, in other cases 
spoiling the fruits in transit to the North- 
ern markets. To be sure, a great deal of 
this infection comes from infected soil, 
but unless the grower starts with disease- 
free seed he is beaten almost before he 
commences. 

imptruii Black titauly fhc organisms of Phomopsis rot are 

under the seed coat so that no kind of 
disinfecting that is practical is able to 
control it. Knowing this, we have taken steps to produce our seed supply under conditions that make us 
morally certain that our seed is entirely clear of the.se organisms. Imperial Black Beauty will prove to be 
a superbly fine stock of the well-known Black Beauty ^•ariety. The fruits are triangular globe. The 
color is a deep purple-black. The height of the plant is about 18 inches. The seed we are offering is of 
fine appearance and of strong germination. Any growers desiring real success with this t\ pc of F^ggplant 
will do well to plant Imperial Black Beaut\-. Price, delivered: pkt., 20c; oz., 65c; lb., $2,50; V2 lb., 
$4.50; lb., $8.00; 5 lbs. (5 $7.75 per lb.; 10 lbs., (a $7.50 per lb.; 50 lbs., ^ $7.00 per lb. 

No. 33— FLORIDA HIGH BUSH 

Days to maturity, 115-130. This variety, as is shown in the illustration, is more oval shape than the 
Black Beauty. The fact that it is carried higher off the ground is an important factor, especially during 
wet seasons. Fundamentally Florida High Bush is more resistant to the Eggplant diseases than is Black 
Beautv — a feature which commends it to manv growers. Price, delivered: pkt., 15c; oz., 50c; lb., 
$1.85; Vz lb., $3.50; lb., $6.00; 5 lbs., (g, $5.75 per lb. ; 10 lbs., (g, $5.50 per lb. ; 50 lbs., (a, $5.00 p€r lb. 

£22} 




Florida High Bush 



ENDIVE ( 



STOKES SEEDS 



CICHORIUM> 
ENDIVIA J 



Origin— Probably a native of the East Indies, placed by some, however, as indigenous to Egypt, In the latter place they arecaHed the 
wild Endive Cichorium. hence the confusion between this and the chicory, or P>ench Endive. The vegetable is mentioned by Ovid, Columella, 
Horace and Pliny. The latter states the plant was eaten both as a pot herb and a salad by the Romans. It was supposed to have had strong 
medicinial qualities, and was used wUh telling effect by the ancient magicians. Endive was introduced into England apparently in lo4», 
during the reign of Edward the Sixth. Gerard speaks of it and tells how it was preserved for Winter use in the time of Queen Klizabeth. 
By 1822. according to Phillips, there were eight varieties cultivated in England. 

No. 34-ESCAROLE BROAD-LEAVED BATAVIAN 

Days to maturity, 90-100. Broad-leaved Batavian has been found thoroughly dependable by the larger growers 
of Escarole. The leaves are large and broad and blanch quite easily if tied. The heads will average about 15 inches 
in diameter. There is a broadening market for all kinds of Greens and the growers of Escarole, especially in Florida, 
are finding that it is a profitable shipping crop. It is prepared verv much like spinach and also used as a flavoring 
for soups and stews. Price, delivered: oz., 15c; Vi lb., 35c; Vz lb., 65c; lb., $1.25; 5 lbs., (a $1.10 per lb.; 10 
lbs,, @ $1.15 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ $1.00 per lb. 




Low overhead on the Isle of Isthi 
in the Bay of Naples 




xamining Fennel in Italy, May 1928 



No. 3S— Green Curled 

Days to maturity, 100. Sometimes called Mammoth 
(ireen Curled. The rosette head will average 15 inches 
across. It is of a rich dark green color and is finely cut and 
divided. The center blanches easily to a rich yellow gold. 
Our stock has proven thoroughly satisfactory to the very 
largest growers. Price, delivered: oz., 15c; V* lb., 35c; 
Vz lb., 65c; lb., $1.25; 5 lbs., (§ $1.10 per lb.; 10 lbs., @ 
$1.15 per lb.; 50 lbs., ® $1.00 per lb. 

No. 36'-'Anise Fennel or Finocchio 

(Foeniculum Dulce) 
An Italian vegetable now well-known in the American 
trade. It is a native of Southern Europe. An easily culti- 
vated annual. Matures quickly. Seed should be sown early 
in the Spring in rich, well-prepared soil, thinning to 10 inches 
apart in the row. The plant should be earthed up when half 
grown and treated more or less like celery which it resembles in its lower growth. This vegetable has a place of 
considerable prominence on the large markets catering to the trade of Europeans. Our Mr. F. C. Stokes made 
a thorough inquiry into Fennel stocks while in Italv this past season. The seed we offer is of a verv high qualit\ . 
Price, delivered: oz., 15c; Vi lb., 50c; Vz lb., 90c; lb., $1.60; 5 lbs., §1.55 per lb.; 10 lbs., ^7, $1.50 per lb.; 
50 lbs., $1.35 per lb. 

KOHL-RABI (Brassiba Oleracea Var Caulo-Rapa) 

No. ST—Early White Salerno 

Days to maturity, 50. This is a new European variety of great promise. It may be used either for forcing or for 
field cultivation. The color is a beautiful light green and the bulb will reach a considerably larger size in a given time 
than the well-kaown Early White Vienna. It should be pulled for the table when about 2 inches in diameter. Kohl- 
Rabi is one of the oddest vegetables in form of growth under cultivation. It is like a turnip produced in a cabbage 
root, if that were possible. Price, delivered : oz., 20c; 1/4 lb., 60c; 1/2 lb., $1.10; lb., $2.00; 5 lbs., (a. $1.90 per lb.; 
10 lbs., @ $1.85 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ $1.75 per lb. 

No. SS—MUSTARD—Southern Giant Curled 

This is very largely a Southern vegetable. Our stock is a particularly fine one, the leaves being crumpled almost 
like a head of lettuce. In the Southern states the seed is sown in the Autumn and the young plants in the Spring are 
used as a salad. The varietv is vigorous, hardy and of good quality. Price, delivered: oz., 10c; '^ lb., 25c; V2 lb., 
40c; lb., 75c; 5 lbs., @ 72c per lb.; 10 lbs., @ 70c per lb.; 50 lbs., @ 65c per lb. 

123 1 • . 



STOKES SEEDS 



LETTUCE ( 



LACTUCAy 



Origin — A native of Asia. The exact country of origin is not certain, neither the date when it was 
introduced into Europe, but scientists agree that it has no doubt been under cultivation from very 
remote times. The name Lettuce is no doubt a corruption of a Latin word Lactuca on account of the 
milky juice known to the vegetable. Herodotus tells us that Lettuce was served in its natural state at 
the royal tables of the Persian King over five hundred years before the Christian Era. According to 
Pliny, the Romans were not acquainted with much of a variety of this vegetable; however, it was known 
to have marvelous cooling qualities and was often used to reduce fever. There was no attempt to cultivate 
Lettuce in England until the fourth year of Queen Elizabeth's reign (1562). Thirty-seven years after 
this, however, Gerard speaks of eight distinct varieties. Since that time a great many variations have 
been made. 



No. 39— NEW YORK 



On October 21. 1928, we received the following from Mr. C. L. E. Keller, a large Colorado grower: 
"I am enclosing a check for SI 50.00 in payment for 100 pounds of the same stock of seed of your 

New York Lettuce seed as per your letter of September 11th, ' 

the different growers arourid here beside the amount 



Valley No. 2 around and that was not as good as your slock." 



Days to maturity, 8O-90. The strain we offer is the true New York. The largest growers can place 
entire dependence on this stock. It is as uniformly pure as anything we offer and furthermore has the 
added advantage of developing an enfolding leaf over the top of the head which adds greatly to its shipping 
qualities. Any Lettuce grower who desin-s to make a trial planting of this stock will oe sent a sutetantial 
planting sample without charge. It will t jko hut one tnal to convmce anyone that this is a very superior 
stock. It has proven so in all of the L itiice growing districts of California, Arizona and the Rocky 
Mountain Slates as well as in the various districts in the Eastern States where it is finding an increasing 
acreage every year. If you want one of Ihe very finest strains of Lettuce which is known on the produce 
jnarkets as Iceberg, you cannot do better than order our New York. Price, delivereil: oz., 20c; 
1/4 lb.. 60c; 1/1 lb., Sl-10; lb., $2.00; 5 lbs., @ $1.90 per lb., 10 lbs., @ $1.85 per lb.; »t lbs.. 
@ $1.75 per lb. 




No.40^reefi'Leaved Big Boston 

Days to maturity, 75-80. This variety is an item 
of great importance to our trade. Our crop has been 
grown from our private stock seed which we consider 
to be a very fine selection of the Unrivalled Type. 
Every precaution has been taken to insure the purity 
of our strain. The fact that the vast majorit}' of our 
present stock has been carried long enough to give it 
a thorough trial allows us to offer it to our customers 
with double assurance. The fresh, green color of this 
type of Boston is no doubt responsible for the con- 
sistently high price it commands on the market, 
and surpasses an'\- lettuce we know of. Price, 
delivered: pkt., 10c; oz., 25c; 1/4 lb., 85c; V2 lb 
$1.60: lb., $3.00; 5 lbs., (a S2.85 per lb.; 10 ' 
^ S2.75 per lb.; 50 lbs., (m $2,50 per lb. 



No. 41— Big Boston 

Days to maturity, 75-80. VVe do not concede that 
there is a finer stock of Hig Boston available, (kowcrs 
who are looking for the very best need go no farther 
for we have been unable to find a superior stock, and 
we have searched far. Big Boston is well-known as 
an early, hardy Lettuce, standing long-distant ship- 
ments. The head is brittle and buttery and of good 
table quality. Big Boston will prove a very sure and 
solid-heading sort. Price, delivered : oz,, 15c; % lb., 
50c; V2 lb., 85c; lb., $1.50; 5 lbs., @ $1.45 per lb.; 
10 lbs., (a] $1.40 per lb.; 50 lbs., $1.25 per lb. 



No. 4X~Roniaine or Trianon Cos 

Days to maturity, 75-80. VVe consider this to be 
the most' satisfactory type of Romaine available. 
Some of our customers plant it over large areas. We 
offer this stock as a uniform type of Cos I^ettuce which 
will give satisfaction under all general conditions. 
It will form compact, well-blanched, firm heads, round 
at the top. The outside color is a rich dark green 
and the inside a beautifully blanched golden white, 
It is crisp and sweet. This type of Cos is less likely 
to blast than some of the lighter colored ones. Price, 
delivered; oz., 15c; 1/4 lb., 50c; Vz lb., 85c; lb., 
$1.50; 5 lbs., @ $1.45 per lb.; 10 lbs., @ $1.40 per 
lb.; 50 lbs., @ $1.25 per lb. 




Green Leaved Big Boston. (Photo by courtesy of Prof. L. G. Scheritierhorn) 
125 1 



STOKES SEEDS 



MUSKMELON ( 



CUCUMIS] 
MELO ) 




Origin — A native of Southern Asia, cultivated from a very remote period of antiquity, perhaps having come from the 
oblohg fruit of the Persian melon, the date of its first culture being unknown. It is considered to be as old as any of the 
alimentary vegetables. That the Egyptians knew and grew melons seems to be well established by certain well-known 
verses in the eleventh chapter of the Book of Numbers of the Bible. The Romans and Greeks were familiar with it in its 
cultured form, as it appears to have been brought from Persia at least before the first century. Pliny speaks of it at length, 
describing the difSculties of obtaining melons for the Emperor Tiberius all months of the year. There are many and 
various classes of melons, one of the oldest and best being the canlalouppi, which, according to M. Jacquin, derives its 
name from Cantaloupe, a scat belonging to the Pope near Rome, where this sort, brought from Armenia by the missionaries, 
was first cultivated. De Serries and Gerard describe melons in their resix^tive countries in the sixteenth and seventeenth 
centuries. Although perhaps grown at their Ijest in Egypt and in Ihc warm sunshine of the Orient, they are now known 
the world over. 



No. 43— THE BENDER 

Days to maturity, 80-95. We have come to look on The Bender Melon as one of 
the most valuable on the list. Our stock has proven an unusually fine one, and, 
although some customers have apparently not learned the knack of growing a good 
Bender, many others are making huge profits from it. Because of its size (it will run 
from 8 to 10 inches in diameter and weigh from 8 to 14 pounds) it takes unusually 
heavy fertilization. 

We would di fine The B( ndi t a'^ a distinctly mdividual Melon in contrast to the basket type. Bender 
is a lii^lily llason d. rouriii Mi I.mi willi ili c p orange flesh, and of a delicious, melting texture when fully 
n|H II IS usu.illv sl.iidd unci. 1 i;lass. in pots or in bands, and transplanted. In the latitude of Phila- 
d. Iphi.i. s.<-<l planted aixjiil M.iy L'.'ith will mature Melons about August 20th. 

A liival customer of ours, Mr. Herman Ude of Suffield, Conn., has had unusual success with our 
Hrtiil. i' now lor the last Ihrtx years. Mr. Ude markets them for from $1.00 to $1.50 per Melon by 
Ihi l:uck-load. This figure can Ix- verified. These retail at about 28 cents per pound. As usual, 
our M i d has been grown privately for us in Colorado and has been inspected by an officer of our firm 
this ^Kis^ season. Our slock is very highly recommended. Price, delivered: pkt., lOc; oz.. 25c; 
V4 lb.. 85c; Vi lb., $1.60; lb., $3.00; 5 lbs., @. $2.85 per lb.; 10 lbs., @ $2.75 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ 
$2.50 per lb. 



Some Bender Melons weigh as much as M pounds 

No. 44— Abbott's Peerless Pearl 

Days to maturity, 80-95. This Melon has found an unusual reception among 
all growers because of its very decided resistance to disease and to downy mildew — 
it being much more resistant than Hale's Best and other j^ood types. It has 
already made many friends in New Jersey and on the Del-Mar-Va F'eninsula. 

Abbott's Peerless Pearl, grown for us by the originator of the variety, has a 
tough, pearl-gray rind, completely covered with a heavy white netting. The 
heaviness of this netting is one of the outstanding features of the variety. The 
fliesh is a deep pink with a small pea-green streak ne.xt to the rind. It has a very 
small seed cavity which is filled with paper-white seed. The seed is distinctly 
smaller than that of most Cantaloupes. There are at least 40% more seed per 
poiind than any variety we know of. The flesh is firm, and the flavor is most 
delicious. The shipping qualities of the Melon are unsurpassed, and the selling 
qualities equally good. Cirowers are warned, however, that the seed of this 
variety is more delicate than others, and must be handled with greater care. 
Price, delivered: pkt., 10c; oz., 25c; Vi lb., 85c; Va 'b-, $1.60; lb., $3.00; 
5 lbs., $2.85 per lb.; 10 lbs., $2.75 per lb.; 50 lbs., (a $2.50 per lb. 




Abbott's Peerless Pearl is very highly disease resistant 



f26l 



No. 4S— HALE'S BEST 

Days to malurity, 70-85. Hale's Best, sometimes spoken of as 
Early Imperial, because it will give you a ten-day leeway over your 
neighboring competition, will no doubt be your most prohtable C;inta- 
ioupe. It is ten days earlier than other Rocky Ford types, and brings 
the high prices. We deserve success only in proportion as our customers 
interests are served. If you are a grower and shipper of Cantaloupes, 
we can give you no better advice than to plant Hale's Best on a large 
acreage this year. The Imperial Valley Cantaloupe growers, the keenest 
group of men in the industry have been growing an increasingly large 
acreage of it for the past three years. Last season saw approximately 
20,000 acres planted to Hale's Best in California, with a very decided 
falling oil in its favor of the well-known 10-25, the Cantaloupe that 
made the Imperial Valley famous. Our stock of Hale's Best has been 
grown privately for us in Colorado, has been inspected by an officer of 
the firm, and has been found tn be of first quality in every respect. 
Our type purity figure of 91 % must not be misleading. Hale's Best is 
not a perfectly uniform melon. The trade recognizes this fact, and 
even with this slight variation in size, it so far outsells other varieties 
that one hears no complaining. Price, delivered: oz., 15c; Vi lb., 
50c; 1/2 lb., 85c; lb., $1.50; 5 lbs., @ S1.45 per lb.; 10 lbs., Oi S1.40 
per lb.; 50 lbs., @ $1.25 per lb. 



No. 46— HEARTS OF GOLD 

Days lo maturity, 85-100. Hearts of Gold, or Improved Hoodoo, was 
first developed by the late Roland Morrill, a successful Michigan 
Melon-grower, and in the early years it was distinctly a Michigan 
Melon. It has now found wide favor in all districts, including the 
famous Imperial Valley of California, from which point hundreds of 



STOKES SEEDS 



carloads of Hearts of Gold are now sfiipped. Mr. Morrill claimed this 
to be the result of an accidental cross between Osage and Netted Gem. 
It combines the golden flesh of Osage with the heavy netting and thin 
rind of the Netted Gem,- and it is about 25 per cent larger thiin the 
standard Rocky Ford type. In the eastern part of the country. Hearts 
of Gold has shown a decided resistance to rust. Wo have checked this 
factor in our own trials. We can also say that Hearts of Gold is more 
hardy and withstands heaviei frosts than other varieties. A careful 
survey of market reports for this past season will show that Hearts of 
Gold outsold many other commercial types. It is very often shipped 
ip a fiat crate of six melons each. With proper cultivation it should 
maintain a picking season of from four lo eight weeks. Customers can 
be assured of the purity of our strain, all of which has been hand-cut. 
Price, delivered: oz.. 15c; 1/4 lb., 50c; Vi lb., 8.5c; lb.. $1.50; 5 lbs.. 
@ $1.45 per lb.; 10 lbs., @ $1.40 per lb.; 50 lbs., fiii $1.25 per lb. 

No. 47— Edward's Perfecto 

Days lo maturity, 80-95. Pure Anglo-Saxon speech is apparently 
put under a heavy strain by the goad qualities of this Melon as will be 
noted from the fact that in addition to the name of Edward's Perfecto, 
it is also sold as Perfected Perfecto, Superfecto and Improved Perfecto. 
There is no denying the fact that this is one of the very best develop- 
ments of the Rocky Ford Cantaloupe. The strain we offer is the pure 
Exiward's Perfecto, in shape, size, and in complete netting. As is the 
case with all of our Melon seed, this stock is hand-cut. which assures 
interior color purity. It will be of interest to know that a very large 
acreage, both in California and Colorado, are now planted to Edward's 
Perfecto under one or the other of the above names. Price, delivered: 
oz., 1.5c; 1/4 lb., .50c; 1/2 lb., 85c; lb., $1..50; 5 lbs., (f« S1.45 per lb . 
10 lbs., @ $1.40 per lb.; 50 lbs., (a, S1.25 per lb. 
Weatherford Walson 






Mr. R. H. James — our Rocky Ford grower 





STOKES SEEDS 



WATERMELON 

Ork.in — This vegetable is a native of Africa, and has been known 
from a very remote period. It thrives wonderfully well around the 
warm shores of the Mediterranean. However, there is probably no 
country in which it is more popular than America. With us the melon- 
growing industry has reached enormous proportions. The ancients 
classed Muskmelons, Watermelons and all others of this family under 
the name of Melon, and for this reason we do not have many of the 
ancient references to the more modern name Watermelon as we do to 
most of the other vegetables which have been under cultivation for 
fifty centuries. The Watermelon is very easily hybridized, and for this 
reason there are a great many var>ing sorts. At the present time we 
offer only one stock of Watermelon, Weatherford Watson. This is one 
of the most valuable stocks in commerce. 




i 



No. 48— WEATHERFORD WATSON 



Days to maturity, 130. We consider this to be one of the very finest 
commercial stocks of shipping Watermelon in existence. We have se- 
cured our stock seed directly from the well-kno'vn Weatherford, Te.vas 
district. Weatherford Watson is a greatly improved type of the well- 
known Tom Watson Melon, — the selection having been made for size, 
regularity of form and bright red interior color. As a carload Melon we 
know of no finer stock than the one we are offering at present. The 
length of the Melon will average from 18 to 24 inches, the diameter from 
10 to 12 inches. These Melons have l)een known to run up to 50 pounds 
in weight. The rind is heavy enough to withstand any long distance 
handling. To Melon growers who are looking for a new start on 
their seed supplv we can enthusiastically recommend this stock. Price, 
delivered: oz., 20c; Va lb., 75c; Vz lb., $1.30; lb., $2.50; 5 lbs., @ 
$2.40 per lb.; 10 lbs., (a, $2.25 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ $2.00 per lb. 




PARSLEY 



STOKES SEEDS 



/ PETROSELINUM \ 
\ HORTENSE ) 




Origin — Apf)arently a native of the Island of Sardinia, Pliny, however, stales that the Sardinian Parsley was of a venomous 
quality. However. M. de Candolle considered it to be wild in the Mediterranean region From time immemorial it has been 
served at funeral feasts. Parsley was introduced into England in 1542, the second year of the reign of Edward Sixth. Gerard 
speaks of it as being "delightful to the taste and agreeable to the stomacke." 

No. 49—CHAMPION MOSS CURLED 

Days to maturity, 55-60. Known in this country at least from the time of Minton Collins in 1793 
as Curled Parsley. The other prefixes have apparently^ been added during the last thirty or forty years. 
This variety grows to a height of alx>ut eight inches. The color is a rich dark green and the leaves are 
very finely cut. The compact curled leaves are excellent for garnishing, and, although sometimes used 
for flavoring, we do not recommend them for this pur[X)se as highly as either Hamburg Turnip Rooted 
or Plain. For all general purposes, however, Champion Moss Curled is, ^>erhaps, the leading variety. 
Price, delivered: oz., 10c; Vi lb., 25c; V2 lb., 4«c; lb., 75c; 5 lbs., @ 72c per lb.; 10 lbs., @ 70c per lb.; 
50 lbs.. (§! 65c per lb. 



No. SO— HAMBURG 
TURNIP ROOTED 

Days to maturity, 80-90. No doubt this 
variety originated in Notthern Europe. It has 
been grown in this country for about one hundred 
years, Sinclair and Moore having offered it in 
1826. The root is the edible part of this variety 
resembling in color and shape the root of the 
parsnip. The leaves are very similar to those 
of plain parsley, and are especially desirable for flavoring and drying. The roots 
may be stored for Winter use very profitably. This is not a garnishing variety, 
but for the purposes desired Hamburg is a verj' valuable sort. Price, delivered : 
oz., 10c; 1/4 lb., 25c; V2 lb., 40c; lb., 75c; 5 lbs., @ 72c per lb.; 10 lbs., @ 
70c per lb. ; 50 lbs., @ 65c per lb. 




OKRA ( 



HIBISCUS 
ESCULENTUS . 



Origin. A native of northern Africa, having been introduced in the United States about one 
hundred years ago under no special variety name. Thorburn, in 1884, merely listed Okra. The 
varieties we offer are f)edigreed stocks grown for us privately in Georgia. Each variety has its own 
Special place and each can be pl&nted with the utmost confidence as to its type purity. 

No. 51— PEDIGREED PERKIN'S MAMMOTH 

Days to maturity, 60-70. A pure bred, certified stock of this well-known 
long green podded Okra. The plant will grow to a height of 4 to 5 feet and' is 
very productive. 

No. S2— PEDIGREED DWARF GREEN 

Days to maturity, 60-70. This also is a certified stock of equally pure type to the Perkin's, but having 
a dwarf type of bush. .It will be found a very valuable stock. 

' " No. 53— WHITE VELVET 

Days to maturity, 55-65. This is a special stock of White Velvet secured from the lower Rio Grande 
Valley. The above illustration indicates the type of growth. This strain will prove very prolific. The 
name "White Velvet" is perhaps misleading. The pods are in reality a light emerald green. Price, 
delivered, of any of the above varieties: oz., 10c; Vi lb., 20c; 1/2 lb., 35c; lb., 65c; 5 lbs., @ 62c 
per lb.; 10 lbs., (§} 60c per lb; 50 lbs., @. 55c per lb. 

f 29 } 




Champion Moss 
Curled Parsley 



STOKES SEEDS 




ONION ( 



ALLIUM 
CEPA 



No. S4— RIVERSIDE SWEET SPANISH 

Dass to maturity, 115. There is a strong and increasing demand for the Spanish Onion on 
the American markets. Ri\ t i siilc Swcc t Spanish is the California dc\ eIopment of tne well-known 
Spanish variety, (ligantic ' .il'raliar. and \ery similar to Valencia and Denia. We take special 
pride in our strain of ki\t isiil( ^wttt ^ipanish because of its splendid, oval appearance (we have 
eliminated the flat tendeni y ) and because of the bright golden color. Some of our competitors' 
strains arc much darker and flatter. 



Riverside Sw 
lor nu)rc ijeneral use 
establislicii a rcputat 
and mark; t ai)i)carar 



panish is 
-. It i? o 

for 
n.akc 



large areas in the Southwest and is rcconmiended 
aitrarti\e Onions on the market and has already 
: l\ n'ild flavor. Its shipping and keeping quality, 
K in commercial centers. It will ripen down very 



evenh . f ie lds have been reported as high as 50 tons per acre. Price, delivered: pkt., 10c; 
oz., 25c; 1/4 lb., 85c; V2 >b., $1.60; lb., $3.00; 5 lbs., @ $2.85 per lb.; 10 lbs., ®«2.75 per lb.; 
50 lbs., @ $2.50 per lb. 



Early While Barletta 



No. SS— EARLY WHITE BAiaETTA 

Days to maturity, 65. This is the favorite early variety for pickling 
purposes, developing in about two months time Onions from 1 to \}/2 
inches in diameter, flattened at the top and rounded at the bottom. The 
color is an attractive wax white. It is a good keeper and excellent for 
pickling. We import this stock directly from Italy and can recommend it 
as being a superior pickling strain. Price, delivered: oz., 15c; 1/4 lb., 
50c.; 1/2 lb., $1.00; lb., $1.80; 5 lbs., (g. $1.75 per lb.; 10 lbs., (fi $1.65 
per lb.; 50 lbs., ([i $1.50 per lb. 



The seeds that I bought from you last Spring were wonderful — each 
plant true to type. I shall always buy your seed. — B. C, Attleboro, Mass. 




lyo} 



STOKES SEEDS 



Origin — A native of Western Asia, having been cultivated from the most remote 
ppr.od, from the references to it in Sanskrit and Hebrew. It is also represented on 
Egyptian monuments. Numerous references to it in Biblical history speak of the 
remarkable sweetness of the Onions from Egypt. The name Onion is no doubt 
derived from the Latin word Unio, meaning a single root. The Greeks and Romans, 
according to Pliny, name the different sorts after the countries or cities from which 
they came, such as Scalian which no doubt is responsible for our common word 
scallion. We are told that the Cyprus Onion "drew the most tears." Although 



ancient scientists were never able to locate the Onion in its wild form, Vilmorin 
states that a Frenchman, M. Regale, discovered a plant in Turkislan which has 
the appearance of being a wild form. A similar discovery has also been inwde m 
recent years in the Himalayas, Unquestionably, the Onion is one of the oH^-st 
vegetables known to man. Even in England it has been cultivated for many 
centuries and was no doubt brought to America by the early settlers. Our common 
White Silverskin was introduced about 1792. 




r 



No. S6— MOUNTAIN DANVERS 

Days to maturity, 100. Mountain Danvers grown privately for us on the Western slope of the Rocky Mountains at an elevation 
of 5,000 feet has established itself firmly with the large conimercial growers. The fact that it will mature a hard, uniform bulb fully 
ten davs ahead of Yellow dlobe Danvers is of great importance to those who seek to take advantage 
ol the carlv markets or who have at times lost a large part of the crop on a short season. The factor of 
earliness in Mountain Danvers is partly due to the high altitude and partly due to the fifteen years of 
careful selection by our grower. The illustration on this page gives a definite idea of the type which 
is a medium globe. Mountain Danvers has been saved from selected bulbs which were grown definitely 
tor seed purposes. This is in no sense by-product seed and must not be confused with such stock that 
can be sold ;tl much cheaper prices. Our strain shows a high puritv both in tvpe and color. Price, 
delivered: oz.. 20c; V4 lb., 75c; V2 lb., $1.30; lb., $2.50; 5 lbs., @ $2.40 per lb.; 10 lbs., @ $2.25 
per lb.; 50 lbs., @ $2.00 per lb. 





No. S7-MONTANA SILVERSKIN 

Days to maturity, 100. This strain of Silverskin or White Portugal is grown in 
the high altitudes of Montana. This is an exceptionally pure stock of the Silverskin 
type. Its m.ild flavor and clear white skin will make it a general favorite. This 
stock will develop to about 3 inches in diameter with a depth of 1}A inches. It is 
the mildest Onion we offer and is a favorite for pickling and for bunch green Onions 
when young. It is perhaps the best keeper of the White Onions and for Fall and 
early Winter use it is particularly recommended. Price, delivered: pkt., 10c; 
oz., 25c; 1/4 lb., 85c; 1/2 lb., $1.60; lb., $3.00; 5 lbs., @ $2.85 per lb.; 10 lbs., @, 
$2.75 per lb.; 50 lbs., @, $2.50 per lb. 



No. S8— YELLOW BERMUDA 

Days to maturity, 115, This Onion is the standard Winter variety grown in 
Texas and in other Southern states, .'Vlthough sometimes called White Bermuda it 
is in fact a straw colored Onion. Our seed is imported direct from the Canary 
Islands and will be found a most excellent stock. Price, delivered: pkt., 10c; 
oz., 25c; 1/4 lb., 85c; Vz lb., $1.50; lb., $2.75; 5 lbs., ® $2.65 per lb.; 10 lbs., 
$2.50 per lb.; 50 lbs., (5> $2.25 per lb. 

No. 59— CRYSTAL WAX 

Days to maturity. 115. This is a pure white Onion of the flat Bermuda type. This seed also is 
imported from the Canary Islands. Price, delivered: pkt., 10c; oz., 35c; >/< lb., $1.25; Vi lb., $2.25; 
lb., S4.00; 5 lbs., @ $3.85 per lb,; 10 lbs., @, $3.75 per lb,; 50 lbs., $3.50 per lb. 



131 



STOKES SEEDS j^^. 6o— thomas laxton peas 



Days to maturity, 55-60. This Pea was originated at Bedford. 
England and named for the originator, a noted English Horticulturist. 
For over twenty years it has been and still is one of the standard 
commercial sorts. It is more hardy and slightly earlier than Gradus 



and under ordinary conditions is a heavier yielder. The pods are about 
the size of that variety, but they are blunt ended. They will reach a 
length of about 314 inches. As noted in the illustration, they are 
straight, inclined toward roundness and are well filled. The vine grows 
to a height of 30 inches. Our stock is commended to the use of all 
growers. The seed is large, cream color, blended with pale green, 
wrinkled. Price, delivered: Vi lb., 15c; 1/2 lb., 25c; lb., 40c; 5 lbs., 
@ 35c per lb.; 10 lbs., ^ 30c per lb.; 50 lbs., ^ 20c per lb. 

"I have been very much inlercsted in 
your low prices and also in your policy 
of a limited, bul well selected number of 
varieties, as it is often very perplexing 
for the grower to know what is the best 
variety after going over some of the 
various seed catalogs." 

— J. S.. Brandywine Summit, Pa. 




"I will send larger order later on. 
Your- idea of fewer but better varieties 
is absolutely right." 

— F. H., Cambridge, Md. 



"We set an acre of your Viking 
Copenhagen cabbage seed this seas<jn 
which yielded twenty tons, each head 
very solid and our patrons demand 
more of the same for next season." 

O. W. S., Cherryvale, Kan. 



"You said Vanguard Sweet Corn 
would make me some money. Well it 
did. I always thought there was not 
much money in sweet com, but I never 
had Vanguard before " 

E. J. M.. New Holland, Pa. 



"Nothing could be hner than your 
Marglobe. Your Super Bonny Best is 
another winner and I wish I could see 
your stock growing." 

— T. L. B., Black Hall, Conn. 



"I bought some of your Windermoor 
Wonder Cucumber seed and had one 
cucumber 17)2 inches long, one 17 
inches long and lots 12 and 14 inches 
long. AU were eatable. Just fine." 

— H. A. H. 



I 32 J 



$ {sativum) 

Origin — Of uncertain origin, but probably 
a native of Central Europe or the mountains 
of Central Asia. They have been cultivated 
by man from a very remote time. They take 
their name from the Greek word Pisa, a town 
of Elis, where Peas grew very plentifully. In 
1596 they were spelled Pe.son in England, 
thence the present spelling. Pliny, in the 
first century, refers to ancient writers having 
spoken of Peas and we have numerous refer- 
ences to them in Biblical history, especially amongst the Hebrews. We 
are told that at Damascus there were many shops where people did nothing 
else but fry Peas, as they were considered to be especially fine for travelers. 
Dioscorides, the physician to Anthony and Cleopatra, recommended them very 
highly. A. de Candolle is of the opinion that Peas were known to the Aryans 
2000 years before Christ, and that they, perhaps, brought them into Grec( c 
and Italy. Peas have also been found in the Swiss Lake dwellings of th< 
Bronze Period. Peas were further introduced in England during the rt t;a 
of Henr>' VIII. However, they were very rare until at least the time of 
Gerard in Elizabeth's reign. 



No. 61-LAXTON'S PROGRESS 

Days to maturity, 55-60. We consider this to be the most 
advanced development of the well-known dwarf Laxtonian type. 
This Pea is very similar to Laxtonian except that the pod is 
slightly longer and darker in color. It will also mature about 
four days earlier than Laxtonian, Blue Bantam or Hundred Fold. 
Laxton's Progress needs no brushing for the vines grow only 
to a height of 15 inches. It is a prolific bearer and the handsome 
appearance of the rich, dark green pods will find a ready sale. 
One characteristic of the variety is that the pods are inclined to 
bear more abundantly along the top of the vine, thus making it 
easy to pick and heavy yielding. The seed is light-cream color- 
tinged with pale green, large and wrinkled. Price, delivered: 
1/4 lb., 15c; 1/2 lb., 25c; lb., 40c; 5 lbs., (§> 35c per lb., 10 lbs., 
@ 30c per lb.; 50 lbs., @ 24c per lb. 




STOKES SEEDS 




I 33 1 



STOKES SEEDS 




PEPPER 



( CAPSICUM) 



The two varieties offercti on this page represent an entirel\ new trend in Peppers. Appar- 
ently each of them is from the same original stock for each has a distinguishing thickness of 
flesh which we have never known in any other varieties. They are varieties which will bear 
the close attention of all growers. Unfortunately our stock of Panama is limited this year 
beciuse of the nearly total loss of our seed crop in one of the Tropical storms. This loss 
could not be replaced. 

No. 62-Calif ornia 
Wonder 



Days to mauirity, l.?0-15(). 

The illustration on this page 

gives a ven,' fair idea of the 

appearance of this Pepper- 

What it fails to give is a true 

conception of the flesh wall 

which is responsible for the 

unusual weight. The flesh i.> 

of very high quality, being 

aljsolutely sweet and crisp. 

The color is a rich, dark 

green in the early stages, 

_ . , ,., J turning to a brilliant crimson. 
California Wonder 

In maturity, California 
Wonder is main season, being 

about comparable to World Beater and Peppers of that type. The plant is a heavy producer, often bearing 
6 or 8 large fruits at one time. Because of the firm.ness of the wall, lii develops a thickness of from 34 to 5^ 
inches), it has proven to be a wonderful shipping variety. It packs well, the skin is smooth and glossy and they 
will not wilt under long distance handling. We believe California Wonder is a distinct addition to our list and 
we want vou to trv it. Average weight of the fruit from 9 to lOountes. Price, delivered : pkt., 25c; oz., $1.25; 
Vi lb., $4.25; 1/2 lb.. $8.0«; lb.. $15.00; 5 lbs., @, $14.75 per lb.: 10 lbs., $14.50 per lb.; 50 lbs., 
$14.00 per lb. 




No. 63.-PANAMA 



Days to maturit> , 120-140. We predict a strong future for the Panama Pepper as introduced by us last year- 
Panama has the same thick flesh characteristics of California Wonder. It differs only in the shape of the fruit 
which averages inchfes in length and about SJ^ inches in diameter. The immediate history of Panama 
is obscure, but it is certainly of the same blood as California Wonder. In season Panama will rif>en just after 
Ruby King. It is a full setting variety and some magnificient crops of Panama have been made. Some of 
our customers have preferred Panama to California W^onder in cases where the sheer weight of that variety 
was the cause of heavy crop damage under high wind conditions. Panama, like California Wonder, has a very 
mild, crisp flesh. It will be a wonderful variety for pickling or shipping. Its thick wall will insure its safe 
arrival on any market and its elegant apf)earance cannot fail to bring the high money. Price, delivered: 
pkt., 25c; oz.. $1.25; V4 lb., $4.25; Vz lb., $8.00; lb., $15.00; 5 lbs., (5, $14.75 per lb.; 10 lbs., ^ $14.50 
per lb.; 50 lbs., (& $14.00 per lb. 

[34] 




4/ 

i Panam; 



Origin — A native of South America, the generic name of this plant being derived from the Greek word 
signifying to bite. This plant was first mentioned by Martyr in 1493, according to Irving's Life of Columbus. 
His book states that Columbus "brought back pepper more pungent than that from Caucasus," apparently 
having compared it with the black i)epper of commerce from the oriental countries. There is evidence to 
show that it was cultivated by the natives in Tropical and South America, long before Columbus' discovery. 
According to Gerard it was brought into European gardens about 1600. F'irst reference of pepper to be used 
as a condiment is apparently by Chauca, physician to the fleet of Columbus. Henderson claims that our 
common garden pepper (Capsicum Annum) is a native of India, but this statement is not substantiated, 
and inasmuch as the evidence is so strongly in favor of South American origin, we do not believe he is correct. 
Vilmorin states definitely South America, and Phillips gives it the name of Guinea pepper, which goes to 
show the prevailing opinion of France and England during the nineteenth century. 

No. 64— World Beater 

Days to maturity, 120-140. The World Beater 
Pepper has established a solid place fer itself in 
most commercial plantations. It originated in 
New Jersey about ten years ago, being a develop- 
ment of the so-called Ruby Giant type. In size 
it is about 4^ 2 inches long by 3 inches in diameter. 
It is mild and sweet, turning from a rich dark 
green to a brilliant red. World Beater is now 
produced in carload quantities in various of our 
southern states. Royal King is a common 
synonym. Price, delivered: pkt., 10c; oz., 
35c; 1/4 lb., $i.25; 1/2 lb., $2.40; lb., $4.50; 
5 lbs., @ $4.35 per lb.; 10 lbs., ® $4.25 per 
lb.; 50 lbs., @ $4.00 per lb. 

No. 65— Ruby King 

Days to maturity, 110-135. Introduced by 
Burpee in 1884. For nearly 4.S years this Pepper 
has taken an important place in commercial 
Pepper culture. Its continued success is no 
doubt due to two factors — its prolific bearing 
habits combined with its remarkably early 
maturity. Our present stock of Ruby King has 
an unusually thick wall aqd we offer it with the 
assurance that it will give an excellent account 
of itself. Price, delivered: pkt., 10c; oz., 35c; 
1/4 lb., $1.25; 1/2 lb., $2.25; lb., $4.00; 5 lbs., @ 
$3.85 per lb.; 10 lbs., (§} $3.75 per lb.; 50 lbs., 
(oi $3.50 per lb. 



STOKES SEEDS 





World 
Beater 



No. 66— Harris Early Giant 

Days to maturity, 105-125. While this is not the earliest known variety, we consider that it is the earliest maturing 
Pepper of any commercial importance. It is comparable in size and general appearance to the older Giant Crimson, 
but is much earlier and more prolific and bears fruit which has thicker walls. Harris Early Giant is especially 
recommended to the more Northerly districts where the later varieties sometimes do not mature. 

The medium height vine produces vigorously when properly fed. The fruits, however, are not as large as Panama, 
World Beater or Ruby King and we do not recommend the variety to customers in the more Southerly districts. 
Although its usefulness is thus limited, in its place Harris Earlv Giant is a very valuable sort. The flesh is mild 
in flavor. Price, delivered: pkt., 20c; oz., 65c; % lb., $2.50; 1/2 lb., $4.50; lb., $8.00; 5 lbs., @ $7.75 per lb.; 
10 lbs., @ $7.50 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ $7.00 per lb. 

135 1 




STOKES SEEDS 




RADISH ( 



RATHANUS\ 
SATIVUS J 



We can very strongly recoininend (he two stocks of Scarlet Globe as offered 
on this page. The field strain. Early Scarlet (ilobe, is a very pure stock of this 
well-known \ariet\. The Forcing stock is equally pure but is smaller in al] 
ol its diiDcnsions, especially its top growth. From point of view of color and 
uniformitN of shape they are about on a par. 



No. 67— Early Scarlet Globe I No. 68-Forciiig Scarlet Globe 



Early Scarlet Globe is thoroughly representative < 
strain — a slock which is recommended to growers as 
being of very high color purity and of having great 
uniformity in the shape of the fruit and m the length of 
the lop. The average size of the root at maturity is 1 '4 
by inches. It mil grow quickly and evenly, maturing 
in just over three weeks under normal conditions. Be- 
cause we s=ll vast Quantities of this slock it is possible 
lo oflfer it al this comparatively close price. Some of 
the largest grower; in this country are using our stock 
exclusively. Price, delivered: oz., 10c; ^^ lb., 25c; 
Vi lb., 40c; lb., 75c; 5 lbs., (5. 72c per lb.; 10 lbs.. (& 
70c; per lb., 50 lbs., g, 65c per lb. 



Days lo maturity. 25. Large greenhouse men arc 
coming back to us again arKl again for this excellent 



shown in the 

hold itst lf to a gi 
2 to 3 inches. For this reason the strain is not recom- 
merdtd for general field cultivation. Old customers 
who come lo us year after year for this strain remark 
particularly on the brilliant color of the root, which, of 
course, is an important factor in Winter sales. Price, 
deUvered: oz., 10c; V4 lb., 35c; \h lb., 6«c; lb.. $!.§•; 
5 lbs., 95c per lb.; 1* lbs., fe »0c per lb.; 50 lbs., 
«&. 85c per lb. 




Forcing 
Scarlet Globe 



$36] 



RADISH 



STOKES SEEDS 



Origin — Probably a native of Asia. Although the original wild plant has never been identified, there 
seems to be some question whether our cultivated Radish has developed from the wild Radish as we now 
know it. Phillip, in his History of Cultivated Vegetables, 1822, places China as the origin. In any 
event, because of the accounts left by ancient naturalists, its culture apparently has come down from the 
most remote times. The Greeks were especially fond of them, and in their sacred offerings to Apollo in 
the Temple of Delphi, Radishes were always served on beaten gold, whereas turnips were served on lead 
and beets on silver. An ancient Greek writer thought so well of the Radish that he devoted an entire 
book to the subject. Pliny speaks at length on the Radish, referring especially to those from Egypt. 
He states that salt grounds no doubt produced the sweetest sorts. Pliny speaks of single Radishes weigh- 
ing as high as forty pounds apiece, while we are assured by other authors that they were known to grow 
to weigh one hundred pounds. Radishes were introduced into France and England about 1500. During 
Queen Elizabeth's reign, Gerard cultivated four different varieties. 

No. 69— Sparkler White-Tip 

Days to maturity, 22-27. This type of Radish has been grown in America for a 
great many years, originating under the name of Scarlet Turnip White-Tip. As such 
it was listed by Johnson & Stokes in the eighties. A very desirable variety for home 
garden purposes, and grown very extensively commercially, especially for the Mid- 
West markets. The color is a \"ery deep scarlet, with a distinct white tip covering 
about one-third of the lower diameter of the root. Its maximum size, before becoming 
pithy, is about one and one-quarter inches in diameter. Its shape is nearly round, 
slightly flattened on the under side. It is one of the most attractive and desirable 
Radishes in our list, inasmuch as it holds longer before becoming pithy than most of 
the other sorts maturing in the same class. Price, delivered: oz., 10c; Vi lb., 25c; 
Vz lb., 40c; lb., 75c; 5 lbs., @ 72c per lb.; 10 lbs., @ 70c per lb.; 50 lbs., @ 65c 
per lb. 





Giant 
Crimson 



No. 70 

Crimson Giant 

Days to maturity, 30-35. A 
comparatively new variety, hav- 
ing been offered by Breck in 
1905. Maturing, as it does, one 
v/eek after Scarlet Globe, it will 
hold proportionately longer be- 
fore becoming pithy. It is a 
Radish nearly twice the size of 
Scarlet Globe. It is round, 
bright crimson, attaining a maxi- 
mum size, before becoming pithy, 
of 1^ inches long hy \\i inches 
in diameter. Crimson (iiant is 
highly recommended for all 
general purposes. Price, de- 
livered: oz., 10c; Vi lb., 25c; 1/2 
lb., 40c; lb., 75c; 5 lbs., @ 72c 
per lb; 10 lbs., @ 70c per lb.; 
50 lbs., @ 65c per lb. 



T wibh to tell you that your Early Scarlet Globe Radish was the first crop that there was to be picked 
this year. Although after it had been seeded it rained and snowed and the ground was at all times 
frozen, still in thirty days I was picking radishes. — F. M., Green Bay, Wis. 



£37} 



STOKES SEEDS 



SPINACH ( 



SPINACIA \ 
OLERACEA J 



The Three Savoy Types 



The illustration on this page accurateh- pictures the t\ pe of the three varieties we 
herewith describe. All three have the distinguishing savoyed or crumpled leaf, but 
each one has its individual place and care should be taken to order the variety which 
best fits your requirements.^ Our firni now handles vast quantities of Spinach seed 
each season — this in part is explained by the quality of the seed handled and in part 
by the enormously increased demand on the part of the consuming public for Spinach 
greens which rate so high in vitamine and 
mineral content. 



This photograph is thoroughly 
representative of the three 
Savoy types offered on this page 




No. 71— Reselected Bloomsdale Savoy 

Days to maturity, 40-45. Named and introduced by Landreth in 1828. The word 
Bloomsdale was added about 1874 after the variety had been greatly improved. This 
variety is in greater general use in the I'nited States than all others combined. It 
has sometimes been called Norfolk Savoy. Bloomsdale Savoy is very early in reaching 
maturity and may be planted in either the Pall or Spring. Fall plantings may be 
made as late as November. The leaves are of a rich dark color and thoroughly 
crumpled. Bloomsdale Saxoy will mature quickly, but will shoot to seed proportion- 
ately fast after reaching maturit>-. W e consider that our stock of Reselected Blooms- 
dale Savov is one of the verv purest obtainable. Price, de- 
livered: V* lb., 15c; Vz lb., 20'c; lb., 35c; 5 lbs., (g 30c per lb.; 
10 lbs., (g 25c per lb.; 50 lbs., (a 20c per lb. 

No. 72-~Loiig-Standing Bloomsdale 

Da>s to maturity, 45-50. We offer this now for the fourth 
consecutive season. It is long past the experimental stage. The 
fact that this will stand in marketable condition from 10 to 14 
days longer before bolting to seed is an invaluable asset, especially 
at times when it seems impossible to make a complete cutting of 
an acreage or when the market is unfavorable. Long-Standing 
Bloomsdale may be slightly later, two or three days, than 
Reselected Bloomsdale in attaining the same maturity, but that 
factor can be readily adjusted. We recommend Long-Standing 
Bloomsdale for at least one-half of anyone's Spring or Fall 
acreage. In general appearance Long-Standing Bloomsdale is 
same as our Reselected Bloomsdale Savoy. The 
leaves are intensely crumpled and 
blistered and free from pointed ends. 
The color is a deep, glossv green. 
Price, delivered: Vi lb., 15c; Vi lb., 
25c; lb., 40c; 5 lbs. (« 35c per lb.; 
10 lbs., 27V2C per lb.; 50 lbs., @ 
22c per lb. 



No. 73 -Virginia Savoy 

(Blight ResisUnt) Recommended for August and 
September planting •nly 

Days to malunly, 40-45. There are two 
oulstandir.K acl.an'^gt~ to Virginia Savoy. 
Kirst of all, its resislanct to blight, spinach 
"yellows," or mosaic. — a disease which is now 
quite general during the fall of the year in cer- 
tain eastern States. The other feature of 
Virginia Savoy is its resistance to low tempera- 
tures, — this factor having been developed by 
injecting the blood of the wild Manchurian 
Dandelion. Since it was first introduced by 
the Virginia Truck Experiment Station Vir- 
ginia Savoy now has been developed into an 
absolutely pure savoy type. Because it is 
composed of some 70 per cent male plants, it 
will Quickly run to seed in warm weather and 
we do not recommend that it be planted in the latitude of Pennsylvania 
after August 20th. We would discourage it for Spring planting when 
ordinarily the ravages of Spinach yellows are not severe. Our particular slock is ideally shown in the 
accompanying photograph. Price, delivered: 1/4 lb., I5c; 'A lb., 25c; lb., 4«c; 5 lbs. &, 35c per 
lb.; 10 lbs. 30c per lb.; 50 lbs. fe 25c per lb. 



I 38 3 



Origin — Probably a native of Persia. The works of the early Arabian physi- 
cians speak of the medical properties only. It does not seem to have been intro- 
duced as a vegetable until about the Fifteenth Century. The fact that Spain was 
perhaps the first European country to introduce it as a vegetable was no doubt 
responsible for its being known to the older botanists as Hispanach. Beckmann, 
who wrote about 1790, says the first use of Spinach as a vegetable was in 1351, 
at that time being eaten by the monks on fast days. Turner, an English Iwtanist, 
writing in 1538, states that it was known in England at that time. By that time 
the name had developed into Spinage and Spinech, both of which ternig were used. 

No. 74-^IANT-LEAVED NOBEL 

Days to maturity, 50-5'>. The growing importance of this variety is every year 
impressed more firmly on us. Our volume of sales on Giant-Leaved Nobel have 
now assumed very large proportions. Our trade has discovered that it is by far 
the best of the so-called smooth-leaved sorts — it having completely eliminated 
Thick-Leaved Viroflay, Broad-Leaved Flanders, etc. Its points of superiority are 
its enormous size as will be noted in photograph, together with its extremely long- 
standing habit. 

At the present time some of the larger markets still insist on having nothing but 
the savoy-leaf type. This prejudice, however, is rapidly disappearing, and, 
because of enormous tonnage per acre possible in Giant-Leaved Nobel, it is 
proving to be one of the most profitable varieties that can be grown. Canners have 
taken a particular liking to it because of the bright green color of the leaf, the 
cooking quality of the leaf (it is easily cleaned), the large acre yield, and, what is 
very important, its long-standing habit. Those who do not know it will do well 
to become thoroughly acquainted this coming season. Price, delivered: Vi lb., 
15c; Vz lb-, 25c; lb., 40c; 5 lbs., @ 35c per lb. ; 10 lbs., @ 30c per lbs. ; 50 lbs., 
@ 25c per lb. 

"Last year I sowed your Mary Washington seed with extra results, having the finest and largest 
roots in this part of the country. Also most roots per pound of seed of any seed sown elsehwere." 

^ — O. D. W., Bridgeton, N. J. 

"Your Bloomsdale Savoy Spinach has been a great producer and seller for me this season." 

— W. L. S., Auburn, Ind. 

"It win be of interest to you to know the wonderful results that we have got with the Marglobe 
Tomato seed which I ordered for my Cooperating farmers last Spring. I have interviewed all 
that got a packet of seed and they say that two plants must have come from eacfi seed. The 
germination was almost perfect." — H. F. K., Rocky Point, N. C. 

"Had very good success with your New York Lettuce seed." — W. W. W., Kensington, Conn. 

"We have never had as fine seed as those from you." — F. D., Anchorage, Ky. 

"Your seeds are always just as you say they are, and they are always wonderful." 

— D. L. E., Rochester, N. Y. 

"Your Company sent me wonderful seeds last year." — M. N., Tokyo. 

"The seeds I purchased from you the last two years were very satisfactory." 

— H. E. R.. WiUow Creek, Mont. 



STOKES SEEDS 





! 
1 
















1 




Giant-Leaved Nobel is the heaviest yielding Spinach in cultivation 

? 39 1 



STOKES SEEDS 



SQUASH ( 



CUCURBIT A' 
PEPQ J 



Origin — Messrs. Castetter and Erwin in their ver^• comprehensi\e bulletin "A systematic Study of 
Squashes and Pumpkins" Iowa, No\ember, 1927, quote: "Pumpkins and Squashes are probabh- 
native plants; at least they were used by the North American Indian long before the invasion of the 
white man, and this fact is abundantly verified by students of American Flora and of Ethnology. 
Alphonse de Candolle, however, believes Cucurbita ma.vima native to the old world, and Naudsin 
believes Cucurbita pepo, Curcurbita ma.xima and Cucurbita moschata originated in the old world. 
VVittmach favors the American origin of Pumpkins and Squashes, inasmuch as he found seed of Cucur- 
bita maxima in old Peruvian tombs." 

This publication completely upsets the customary classifications of Squash and Pumpkin terms 
that have been used very loosely for a long time in this country. The classification of Messrs. Castetter 
and Erwin is based on the fruit stalk characteristic, the so-called Pumpkins having a hard, wood>- 
fruit stalk distinctly furrowed longitudinally whereas the true Squash when ripe has a soft, spong\ 
fruit stalk, which is not noticeably furrowed. By this classification, all four of the Squashes which we 
ofiFer on these two pages are technically Pumpkins. Because they are known in the trade as Squash, 
we continue to sell them as such. Botanically all four of the varieties listed here belong to Cucurbita 

No. 76— EARLY WHITE BUSH 

Days to maturity, 60. We offer this as the finest development of the Early White Bush Scallop, 
sometimes known as "Patty Pan." This strain has been developed for its pure white top. It is a 
distinct improvement over the usual commercial stocks of White Bush, for all of the tendency to remain 
green around the end has been eliminated. The fruits will average 8 to 10 inches in diameter. White 
Bush is distinctly a Summ.er Squash and as such should be gathered for use in its immature stage. 
Growers will find this particular strain to It- of outstanding purit\-. Price, delivered: oz., \Sc; 
Vi lb.. 35c; Vz lb., 65c; lb., 51.25; 5 lbs., (o $1.15 per lb.; 10 lbs.. (5 $1.10 per lb.; 50 lbs., @ 

ii Mperib 1^,^ 75_2UCCHINI OR COCOZELLE 

Days to maturity, 70. The im.portance of this vegetable in t)iis country has increased enormously 
during the past decade. In Florida alone the commercial acreage of this Italian vegetable marrow 
has assumed a place of considerable importance, both for shipment Nonh and for home consumption, 
fruits. These develop to a length of about 12 inches, but they are best for table use when about 6 



{40] 




The vines of Zucchini are of a bushy habit, producing large elongated 
8 inches long. The early color is a dark green, but as the>- mature 
they become mottled with yellow 
and lighter green in stripes. 

The flavor of Zucchini is de- 
lightful and is, of course, respons- 
ible for its greatly increased popu- 
larity, in Italy it is among their 
most favorite dishes. In that 
countr\- it is very often forced 
under glass in order to bring it on 
at an earlier season. There are a 
number of ways of serving Zuc- 
chini. I sually the young- fruits are 
sliced and fried in oil. Price, de- 
livered: oz., 15c; 1/4 lb., 50c; V2 
lb., 85c; lb., $1.50; 5 lbs., @ 
$1.45 per lb.' 10 lbs., (g $1.40 
per lb.; 50 lbs., <q $1.25 per lb. 




Zucchini or Cocozelle 



STOKES SEEDS 



No. 77'-'TaMe Queen or Des Moines 

Days to maturity, 60. This comparatively new commercial introduction is deserv- 
ingly winning greatly increased popularity and it rates the consideration of all Squash 
growers. Table Queen was first listed commercially by the Iowa Seed Company in 
1913, previous to that time having been grown by Des Moines market gardeners. 
Although it has only been in commerce a comparatively short time, there is abundant 
reason for believing that it was well-known to the Indians of the prairie long before 
the Discovery, a variety very similar to it having been known to the Arikara Indians 
of North Dakota for many generations. 

Table Queen is only about 6 inches long. It is deeply ridged. The color is a green- 
black. Despite the size of the fruit the vines are so prolific that the total weight of 
the crop is about comparable to the larger sorts. The flesh is fine-grained and may- 



be used for pies or may be baked. The distinct advantage of Table Queen is that 
one fruit is just large enough to serve two persons. The flavor is remarkably fine. 
When baked it cooks completely to the shell which is as thin as a pumpkin shell, but 
much tougher. For this reason we are of the opinion that it will make an excellent 
shipping Squash and will find a ready sale once the public becomes acquainted with it. 
Give Table Queen a place in your operations next season. Price, delivered: oz., 15c; 
«/4 lb., 35c; 1/2 lb., 65c; lb., $1.25; 5 lbs., @ $1.15 per lb.; 10 lbs., @ $1.10 per lb.; 
50 lbs., @ $1.00 per lb. 

No. 7S^Ga]deii Siuniner 
Crookneck 

Days to maturity, 70. Listed by Ferry as early 
as 1871. This is perhaps the best flavored Squash 
in the entire list and a sure vigorous producer. It is 
usually able to repel the attacks of the striped beetle 
and the squash bug. Our stock of this variety is the 
true Crookneck. It will develop to a length of about 
15 inches. The color is a rich golden yellow, the 
coat is thickly warted. This strain is highly recom- 
mended. Price, delivered: oz., 15c; Vi lb., 35c; 
V2 lb., 65c; lb., $1.25; 5 lbs., $1.15 per lb.; 
10 lbs., @. $1.10 per lb.; 50 lbs., (fli $1.00 per lb. 





Golden Summer 
Crookneck 



No. 79— THE MARGLOBE 

We offer a stock of great purity 

Days to maturity, 100-135. Marglobe is the most important single variety 
that we offer. This is the fourth season we have carried it. It is beyond the 
experimental stage. We are selling it in increasing volume. We know what we 
are offering and have excellent reasons for saying that it is probably the finest 
strain of Marglobe now available in the United States. It is no exaggeration to 
say our firm was the first to recognize the enormous importance of Marglobe. 
Our preliminary investigations were carried on sometime before the Department 
of Agriculture formally released any seed and our interest in Marglobe ha^ 
steadily grown. Until this year our large private acreage in New Jersey had to 
be supplemented by an equally large acreage in California. 

Our own plantation of Marglobe this year consisted of some 62 acres grown 
near Vincentown, Burlington County, New Jersey, in a fertile area free from 
Wilt and other like difficulties. To begin with, our operations were protected 
by using stock seed supplied us directly by the originator. Following this our 
fields were rogued and given periodical inspections both by ourselves and by 
several leaders in the tomato industry, including Dr. Fred J. Pritchard himself. 
Our grinding machinery' was used for no other variety. After the fermination 
period and the washing, our seed was dried 
naturally in the sun which we consider defi- 
nitely superior to artificial drying for it insures 
a stronger germination. (The tests 
have been averaging around 98 per 
cent.) This seed was insF>ected by 
the Department of Agriculture of 
the State of New Jersey and certifi- 
cate granted showing purity of 
type and freedom from disease. 
This seed is packed and sold in in- 
dividual bags under seal as an 
absolute protection. Stokes Mar- 
globe will make a splendid record 
for itself. Price, delivered: pkt., 
20c; oz., 65c; Va lb., $2.50; V2 
lb., $4.50; lb., $8.00; 5 lbs., (5, 
$7.75 per lb.; 10 lbs., ^ $7.50 
per lb.; 50 lbs., (a^ $7.00 per lb. 



The Tomatoes I produced from >our 
.Marglobe seed last year were without a 
doubt the last thing in a Tomato. 

H. W. P., Toledo, Ohio 





TOMATO 



(LYCOPERSICUM ESCOLENTUM VAR. VULGARE) 

We consider the Marglobe to be the most important 
introduction in our generation 

To begin with Marglobe is resistant to Nail-Head Rust and Fusarium Wilt. This in itself is a 
fundamental reason for its general acceptance. Behind this, however, is the fact that it is one of 
the most perfect shipping Tomatoes that has ever been developed. In general appearance it surpasses 
any we have seen. It has the true globe shape with a brilliant scarlet color. Probably the reason 
for its fine appearance is the tremendous vigor and health of the vine. We have seen a fifty acre 
crop in Florida that actually made over ten pickings. Many big receivers have insisted that their 
growers plant nothing but Marglobe. It is possible that there still are some growers who have not 
tried Marglobe. To all such, we cannot too strongly urge your immediate acquaintance with it. 
It has proven its value. Once again we must warn growers that the vast majority of available seed 
at the present time is not what it should be. Out of more than one hundred competitive stocks we 
have only seen one that we believe is in a class with our own. This statement is made with all sincerity 

For the fourth successive year, we again want to extend our felicitations and gratitude to Dr. Fred 
J. Pritchard, of the United States Department of Agriculture, the man who originated Marglobe, 

Just about at the close of the war Dr. Pritchard 
completed some crosses between the Livingston Globe 
and a French variety, Marvel of the Market — the 
latter having certain skin characteristics which seemed 
promising. By 1924 the selections from this hybrid 
were far enough fixed for preliminary distribution and 
trial. Since that time Marglobe's success has been 
phenomenal. The growers of Dade County, Florida 
have even suggested raising a memorial to Dr. Pritchard 
in appreciation of what he has done. 




I am pleased with the straightforward make-up of 
your catalog and believe you are on the right track in 
eliminating so many varieties. I had a most wonderful 
crop of Marglobe last season and one of the strong 
points in its favor with me was freedom from cracks. 

H. J. B., Northfield, Minn 



Dr. Fred J IVitchard in one of our 
Marglobe fields. September, 1928 



I have had wonderful success with your Marglobe 
Tomato this year and also last year. Everybody who 
sees the patch has fine words of praise for them. They 
are so smooth and uniform, fine for slicing and are 
great for canning. — A. R., Greenville, 111. 



f43: 



STOKES SEEDS 




SupeT-StantJard Bonny Btsl. ■ Pholo by courU-s> ,1 I i ,. j; .\Uicki 



Tomatoes for Forcing 

Our firm is looked to as headquarters for forcing Tomato seed. Our two strains are Super-Standard 
Bonny Best and Forcing Marglobe. Each is a very superior stock and each has a definite place of its 
own. Both of them have been grown under our own care and supervision and are offered with complete 
knowledge as to their type purit\-, productiveness, germination, etc. Thev are vcrv superior strains. 

No. 80— SUPER-STANDARD BONNY BEST 

Da\ s to maturity, 95-130. The famous Bonny Best Tomato was introduced by W alter P. Stokes in 
1908. Our firm has been looked to as headquarters for the variety since that time. With all respect to 
the production methods of our competitors, we cannot report that their efforts on Bonny Best have 
always brought credit to the industry. There are other good strains of Bonny beside our own, but there 
are a number of badly run out strains. Many of the present types of Bonny have been allowed to deteri- 
orate into a small unprofitable Tomato which cannot justify itself either in tonnage or in apjjearance. 

Super-Standard Bonny Best, now offered by us for the past eight >ears, combines all of the features 
of the original Stokes introduction, with the added advantage of further and continuous selection. The 
result is that this stock represents the highest type of Bonny it has been our privilege to handle. The 
individual fruits average nearly one-half pound eac h. This stock is recommended either for greenhouse 
or for intensive field cultivation. Price, delivered: pkt., $1.00; V2 oz., $3.00; oz., $5.00; Vi lb., $18.50. 

No. 81— forcing MARGLOBE 

Days to maturity, 100-1.1>. There are three principal reasons why Forcing Marglobe is so e.xtremcly 
successful in the greenhouse. In the first place, it is far more resistant to disease than any other Tomato 
we olTer. In the second place, it is a very prolific bearer, and in the third place, it has the two important 
selling (pialities — fine appearance and hiigh table quality. This Forcing Marglobe is specially selected 
st()< k which is as pure a t\ |)e as it has e\er been our privilege to offer. Price, delivered: pkt., $1.00; 
1/2 OZ., $3.00; oz., $5.00; Vi lb., $18.50. 

My Tomato seed came good. One ounce Super-Standard Bonny Best gave me 6250 transplanted plants, 
'4 [xjund Marglobe 16,000 plants, one ounce Penn State Earliana 5,000 plants. — M. K., Wenatchee.Wis. 




Slokcs Forcing Tomatoes in Washington County, Ohio. Slaking is very general in this intensive district 



\ -14 ] 



Origin — Galenus, a celebrated Greek physician, 200 A.D., gave a minute description of Lycopersicum coming 
from Egypt. South America probably Peru, however, gave the Tomato to Europe in a highly cultivated form. 
The name is derived from the Aztec word Xitomate, the vegetable having been prized and extensively culti- 
vated by the natives long before the discovery. It was first introduced into England in 1596, but for many years 
was grown only as an ornamental plant, under the common name of Love Apple, the prevailing opinion being 
that they were poisonous to man. The first mention of it in North America as a vegetable, apparently, was 
1781. Seven years later a Frenchman in Philadelphia made earnest efTorts to have people use the fruit as a 
vegetable, but with little or no success. The first record of this fruit being regularly quoted on the market 
was in New Orleans, 1812. It was first offered by seedsmen, Messrs. Gardener & Hipburn, in 1818, which 
was followed by Landreth in 1820. In 1835 they were on the Quincy Hall Market in Boston. 

No. 8Z— JOHN BAER 

Days to maturity, 95-130. John Baer is a Tomato of the Bonny Best type, second early, prolific and 
profitable. The strain we offer this year has been grown from stock seed supplied by Prof. Geo. Starr of the 
Michigan State College. It has been put out by them under the name of Michigan State John Baer. We 
consider it a superior stock as to uniformity and productivity. This stock is recommended to shippers and 
canners. It has found a special place in the Northern tier states and in Canada where the season for Marglobe 
is short. This second early type has also found an important place for itself in the lower Rio Grande Valley 
of Texas. Price, delivered: pkt., 10c; oz., 40c; Vilb., $1.50; Vz lb., $2.75; lb., $5.00; 5 lbs., @ $4.75 per 
lb.; 10 lbs., @ $4.50 per lb.; 50 lbs., @. $4.00 per lb. 

No. 83— PENN STATE EARUANA 

Days to maturity, 90-125. Everyone recognizes the value of having the very earliest Tomatoes on the 

market. Dr. C. E. Myers, of Pennsylvania State Col- 
lege, has developed one of the most successful strains, 
which we now offer for the third year. Perhaps the 
most impressive feature of Penn State Earliana, next 
to its very early maturity, is the unusual size and 
smoothness of the fruit. It is not unusual to mistake 
Penn State Earliana for Bonny Best when seeing 
the harvested fruit away from the vines. Another 
outstanding feature of Penn State Earliana is the 
great productiveness of the strain. Dr. Myers did 
not offer this to the public until he had worked on 
it for twelve years. We consider he has made a 
notable contribution. The Earliana types are not 
suited for heavy soils, and will not perform well 
on them. If you do not have a warm, sandy loam, 
it is best not to attempt it. Because Earliana is 
not resistant to wilt and to nail-head rust it is 
not recommended for cultivation in Florida, Louis- 
iana or Texas. This seed has been grown directly 
from Dr. Myer's stock seed. Price, delivered: 
pkt., 25c; oz., $1.25; 1/4 lb.,$5.00; 1/2 lb., $10.00; 
lb., $20.00; 5 lbs., @ $19.00 per lb. 



STOKES SEEDS 




— ^ 

0^ 





Bonny Best 



Mr. C. R. Mason examining one ot 
New Jersey Tomaio seed lieias 



45 i 



STOKES SEEDS 




TURNIP ( 



BRASSICA 
RAP A 



Purple-Top White Globe Turnip 



Origin' — A native probably of Great Britain and Northern Europe. The period when it was first brought 
into use in its native countr\-, and the manner of its improvement from the native, wild and useless state 
is not known. However, it was used as a vegetable b\- the Greeks and Romans. There does not seem to 
have been much type improvement or much cultivation of Turnip on a large scale until the seventeenth 
centur\- of our Era, since which time it has been rapidly developed and is now in common use the world over. 
I nquestionabh', it thrives better in Great Britain than in any other part of the globe. In America there are 
now alxjut twcnt\ -five distinct varieties, although over 250 are separately named by the American trade. 
I he Swedish Turnip, or Rutabaga, is of the sj>ecies Brassica Campestris. It is not certain whether these 
two species e.xist separateK in a wild state, but under cultivation there is a well-defined difference. 

No. 84— PURPLE-TOP WHITE GLOBE 

Days to maturity, 60-75. An American selection made from some of the earlier English types. Offered 
in this country prior to 1885. One of the late main crop sorts of e.xcellent quality, remarkable as a keeper. 

When grown for table 
purp>oses, it should be 
gathered when but two- 
thirds grown. These qual- 
ities and its attractive 
appearance no doubt arc 
responsible for its great 
popularity. No variety 
of Turnip is more gen- 
erally planted in .America 
than Purple-Top White 
Globe. For table use we 
would advise early gathering. For stock pur- 
poses the root should he allowed its full 
growth. Price, delivered: oz., 10c; '/< lb., 
20c; 1/2 lb.. 35c; lb., bVc; 5 lbs., (a 55c per 
lb.; 10 lbs., (n 50c per lb.; 50 lbs., @ 40c 
per lb. 



No. 8S— YELLOW GLOBE RUTABAGA 

Days to maturity, 115-130. The Rutabaga, as compared to the Turnip, requires a longer 
season for development and is more highly esteemed as a real Winter vegetable. The Turnip 
is better adapted to the early market. Its flesh is not as firm as Rutabaga, and generally 
speaking, the Rutabaga has a rougher surface than the turnip and is not so symmetrical. 
This feature is brought out in the above illustration. They are, however, better keepers and 
are more highly prized for stock-feeding. Our stock of ^'ellow Globe Rutabaga has a small 
top ajid is practically neckless. It will grow to a large size and will be found of excellent table 
quality. The color is a rich golden yellow with a definite fringe of purple around the upper 
edge. The Rutabaga is usually planted in rows, not later than June. We recommend that 
thev be thinned to at least 6 inches in the row. Price, delivered: oz., 10c; V4 lb., 20c; 
1/2 ib., 35c; lb., 60c; 5 lbs., ^ 55c per lb.; 10 lbs., (g 50c per lb.; 50 lbs., (n 40c per lb. 



This is our third season with your seed, and we have every confidence in their quality 
N. W. L., McColl, So. Car. 

Your seed is proving very satisfactory and we thank you sincerely for your honest recom- 
mendations. M. B., Evansville, Ind. 

146) 




Yellow Globe Rutabaga 
ROTOPRINT GRAVl RE CO.. Inc.. N. Y. 




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PLANTING TABLES AND INDEX 



Required Seed Per Acre 

Vegetable Quantity 

Anise 2 to 3 lbs. 

Asparagus seed 6 to 10 lbs. 

Asparagus roots 5,000 

Beans, Dwarf 60 to 80 lbs. 

Bush Limas 60 to 90 lbs. 

Pole Limas 30 to 60 lbs. 

Beet 6 to 10 lbs. 

Broccoli 4 ounces 

Cabbage, seed bed 4 ounces 

" field planting 1 lb. 

Carrot 3 to 5 lbs. 

Cauliflower 2 to 4 ounces 

Celery 4 to 8 ounces 

Corn 12 to 15 lbs. 

Cucumber 2 to 5 lbs. 

Eggplant, seed bed 4 ounces 

" field planting 1 lb. 

Endive, seed bed 1 lb. 

" field planting 4 lbs. 

Kohl-Rabi 4 lbs. 

Lettuce 2 to 5 lbs. 

Muskmelon 2 to 3 lbs. 

Watermelon 2 to 5 lbs. 

Mustard 2 lbs. 

Okra 6 to 8 lbs. 

Onion 6 to 8 lbs. 

Parsley 6 to 10 lbs. 

Peas 60 to 120 lbs. 

Pepper 4 to 8 ounces 

Radish 10 to 12 lbs. 

Rutabaga 2 to 4 lbs. 

Spinach 10 lbs. 

Squash 4 lbs. 

Tomato, hot-bed 4 ounces 

" field planting to 1 lb. 

Turnip 2 to 4 lbs. 



Required Plants Per Acre 



INDEX 

Page 

Anise 23 

Asparagus 4, 5 

Beans, Dwarf 7 

" Bush Limas 6 

" Pole Limas 6 

Beet 8 

Broccoli 9 

Cabbage 10-13 

Carrot 14 

Cauliflower 16, 17 

Celery 18, 19 

Corn 20, 21 

Cucumber 15 

Eggplant 22 

Endive, Escarolc 23 

Fennel 23 

Kohl-Rabi 23 

Lettuce 24, 25 

Muskmelon 26, 27 

Watermelon 28 

Mustard 23 

Okra 29 

Onion 30, 31 

Parsley 29 

Peas 32, 33 

Pepper 34, 35 

Radish 36, 37 

Rutabaga 46 

Spinach 38, 39 

Squash 40, 41 

Tomato 42-45 

Turnip 46 



Distance Apart No. of Plants 

12.x 3 inches 174,240 

12x12 inches 43,560 

18 X 3 inches 116,160 

18x12 inches 29,040 

18x18 inches ' 19,360 

24 X Unches 261,360 

24x18 inches 15,520 

24x24 inches 10,890 

30 X 1 inches 209,088 

30x12 inches ' 17,424 

30x30 inches 6,970 

36x12 inches 14,520 

3x 2 feet 7,260 

3x 3 feet 4,840 

4x Ifeet 10,890 

4x 2 feet 5,445 

4x 4 feet 2,723 

5x 3 feet 2,901 

5x 4 feet 2,178 

5 feet 1,743 



1 feet . 
8 feet . 
10 X Ifeet. 
10 X 10 feet. 
12 X Ifeet. 
12x12 feet. 
16 X Ifeet. 
16 X 16 feet. 
18 X 18 feet. 
20 X 20 feet . 



5,445 
680 

4,356 
436 

3,630 
302 

2,722 
170 
135 
110 



FRANCIS C. STOKES & CO., Seedsmen 

WASHINGTON SQUARE, PHILADELPHIA, PENNA. 



Texas Branch 
WESLACO 



Florida Branch 
SANFORD 



Ontario Branch 
ST. CATHARINES